urban

Key resource: Innovations pour l’assainissement urbain: Adapter les approches pilotées par la communauté

Plus de la moitié des occupants de la planète habitent désormais en milieu urbain et une forte proportion d'entre eux vit sans assainissement amélioré. Dans les zones rurales, les efforts déployés pour lutter contre la défécation en plein air ont été dirigés par le mouvement de l'Assainissement total piloté par la communauté (ATPC). Toutefois, comment les techniques de mobilisation de la communauté prônées par l'ATPC peuvent-elles être adaptées aux situations plus complexes des zones urbaines ?

Date: 7 February 2019

Key resource: The Addis Agreement: Using CLTS in urban and peri-urban areas

In June 2016, the CLTS Knowledge Hub convened a workshop on 'Using a CLTS approach in peri-urban and urban environments’ in Addis Ababa. The discussions and shared experiences from the workshop are captured in the Addis Agreement which contains important stages of an urban CLTS process. Each stage is explained, examples provided and advice given. The intention is not a guidebook but a set of ideas and considerations for those interested in embarking on a similar approach.
Date: 8 August 2016

Dr Josué Ibulungu parle d'une stratégie WASH semi-urbaine en RDC [English subtitles]

Dr Josué Ibulungu (Coordinateur du Consortium SWIFT en RDC, Oxfam) parle du développement d’une stratégie semi-urbaine pour l’assainissement, l’hygiène et l’eau en RDC.   Cette stratégie adapte sensiblement l’approche CLTS pour être utilisée dans les zones semi-urbaines.

English translation: Dr Josué Ibulungu (Sustainable WASH in Fragile Contexts (SWIFT) Consortium Coordinator, Oxfam Congo) talks about the development of a semi-urban strategy for sanitation, hygiene and water in Democratic Republic of Congo. This strategy significantly adapts CLTS for use in for semi-urban areas.

Female-friendly public and community toilets: a guide for planners and decision makers

The 'Female-friendly guide', published in October 2018 and written by WaterAid, UNICEF and WSUP, is designed primarily for use by local authorities in towns and cities who are in charge of public and community toilets. It's also useful for national governments, public and private service providers, NGOs, donors and civil society organisations who play a role in delivering these services.

Date: 9 November 2018

Urban Sanitation Research Initiative 2017-2020: Driving sector change in urban sanitation

The Urban Sanitation Research Initiative is a research programme designed to drive pro-poor sector change in urban sanitation in Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya and globally. It is led by World Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) in collaboration with key in-country partners, and core-funded by UK aid from the UK government to run from 2017–2020.

Date: 26 July 2018
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Urban sanitation coverage and environmental fecal contamination: Links between the household and public environments of Accra, Ghana

Exposure to faecal contamination in public areas, especially in dense, urban environments, may significantly contribute to gastrointestinal infection risk. This study examined associations between sanitation and faecal contamination in public environments in four low-income neighbourhoods in Accra, Ghana. Soil and open drain samples were tested for E. coli, adenovirus, and norovirus. Sanitation facilities in surveyed households were categorised by onsite faecal sludge containment (“contained” vs. “uncontained”) using previous Joint Monitoring Program infrastructure guidelines.

Date: 26 July 2018
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Comparing the costs of different urban sanitation solutions in developing cities in Africa and Asia

A short policy brief summarising a literature review that explored the costs of various urban sanitation solutions. The review indicates that conventional sewer systems are the most expensive solution, followed by systems based on septic tanks, ventilated improved pits (VIP), urine-diverting dry toilets (UDDT), then pour-flush pit latrines. Simplified sewer systems may cost less than both conventional sewer systems and septic tank-based systems.

Date: 26 July 2018

High-quality shared toilets can reduce women’s feelings of stress due to fear of violence

This two-page policy brief summarises the findings of a qualitative research study which looked at causes and levels of psychosocial stress among users of traditional shared latrines and high-quality shared toilets in informal settlements in Mozambique’s capital city, Maputo. In many slum communities in Africa and Asia, many people live in rental compounds in small rooms that do not have space for private toilets. Such people necessarily rely on shared sanitation facilities.

Date: 26 July 2018
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