The CLTS Knowledge Hub has changed to The Sanitation Learning Hub and we have a new website https://sanitationlearninghub.org/. Please visit us here - it would be great to stay in contact.

The CLTS Knowledge Hub website is no longer being updated you can access timely, relevant and action-orientated sanitation and hygiene resources and information at the new site.


Key Findings of a Sanitation Supply Chains Study in Eastern and Southern Africa- UNICEF Technical Brief

Access to improved sanitation is still a major challenge in the 21 countries of the Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR): nearly a quarter of the population practices open defecation and 40% use unimproved latrines. The challenge is twofold: changing behaviors towards adopting improved sanitation practices, and providing a supply chain of services and materials for building latrines for the rural population. This technical brief is based on the main findings of a report commissioned by UNICEF entitled “Regional Supply Chains for Sanitation in Eastern and Southern Africa”.
Date: 9 February 2015

Fronteiras Edição 1: Desenvolvimento da Concepção Participativa para Saneamento

A sustentabilidade das latrinas é uma questão fundamental de CLTS. Solos arenosos ou rochosos, inundações sazonais e térmitas podem criar dificuldades às comunidades que assumiram elas próprias a responsabilidade do seu saneamento, como resultado do CLTS, e que estão a construir latrinas. O Manual de CLTS identifica a necessidade de abordagens da concepção participativa durante as sessões de acompanhamento com as comunidades capacitadas.

Date: 16 June 2014

Shared Sanitation versus Individual Household Latrines: a systematic review of health outcomes

More than 761 million people rely on shared sanitation facilities. These have historically been excluded from international sanitation targets, regardless of the service level, due to concerns about acceptability, hygiene and access. Prompted by a proposed change in such policy, this review was undertaken to identify and summarize existing evidence that compares health outcomes associated with shared sanitation versus individual household latrines.

Date: 15 May 2014

Cheap versus clean: How urban dwellers of Ashaiman share the few toilets available in town


While the world’s attention is on Sochi’s shared toilets, there are still 2.6 billion people worldwide without access to improved sanitation facilities. With a globally growing urban population, shared sanitation seems to be a pragmatic way of increasing coverage except for the fact that the JMP (Joint Monitoring Programme) does not consider such facilities as “improved”.

No shame in a simple pit latrine

Diane Coffey

Yesterday was my last day with the team in Rewari, Haryana.  Sangita, Nikhil, Nidhi and I had finished up collecting qualitative data to try to understand latrine adoption in the last 10 years.  Thanks to our friendly respondents, many of whom were willing to have their interviews recorded, we have lots of interesting findings about latrine adoption and use, and some really fun quotations.  But the findings of the “switching study” in Haryana will have to wait for another day.

Frontières Numéro 1: Développement d’un concept participatif pour l’assainissement

Frontiers Issue 1 French cover

La durabilité des latrines est un enjeu crucial de l’ATPC. Les sols sablonneux ou rocheux , les inondations saisonnières ou encore les termites peuvent présenter de graves défis pour les communautés qui ont choisi de s’occuper de leur propre assainissement grâce à l’ATPC et qui optent pour la construction de latrines. Le manuel de l’ATPC identifie le besoin d’approches par conception participative durant des sessions de suivi avec des communautés ayant fait l’objet d’un déclenchement.

Date: 14 January 2014

CLTS at the 36th WEDC International Conference (Report)

WEDC Conference, Nakuru

Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) had a strong presence at the WEDC conference in Nakuru, Kenya. The CLTS Knowledge Hub hosted a number of events throughout the week, which are described in this report.  New innovations came to light, and exciting discussions were had both during the sessions, and at the CLTS exhibition stall, which was a key focal point for all people interested in CLTS.  Dr Kamal Kar gave a powerful keynote speech in the opening plenary which brought CLTS to the minds of all conference participants from the outset.

Date: 29 August 2013


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