Policy and advocacy for sanitation

The battle for toilets and minds

Sanitation experts have long known that latrine use is what is needed, and that this is not always implied by mere latrine construction in rural India. The SQUAT (Sanitation Quality Use Access and Trends) survey conducted by the Research Institute for Compassionate Economics (rice) shows clearly that it's behaviour change not hardware that's the issue. 

Read more in The Hindu, 9th June2014

The cost of a knowledge silo: a systematic re-review of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions

Divisions between communities, disciplinary and practice, impede understanding of how complex interventions in health and other sectors actually work and slow the development and spread of more effective ones. This hypothesis was tested by re-reviewing a Cochrane-standard systematic review (SR) of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions’ impact on child diarrhoea morbidity: can greater understanding of impacts and how they are achieved be gained when the same papers are reviewed jointly from health and development perspectives?

Date: 5 June 2014

Open defecation level drops in Ghana

According to the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), the rate of open defecation in Ghana has dropped by 5% in the last two years. Speaking on ‘Clean Communities’ on the Joy News channel on Multi TV, Emmanuel Addai stated that, “figures that came out in 2012 said open defecation rates in Ghana was 24%, but the estimated figure for 2014, from the source, the Joint Management Programme (JMP), is 19%.” The Environmental Health and Sanitation Directorate of the Ministry of Local Government and Rural development has attributed the result to the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programme.

Sanitation cartoons- results from a SuSanA and GIZ competition

SuSanA and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) held a sanitation-themed cartoon competition. The spirit of the competition was to create cartoons which would get people to laugh and talk about sanitation - towards breaking the taboo around sanitation! The winners and other entries are now featured in this cartoon gallery- serious fun!

Shared Sanitation versus Individual Household Latrines: a systematic review of health outcomes

More than 761 million people rely on shared sanitation facilities. These have historically been excluded from international sanitation targets, regardless of the service level, due to concerns about acceptability, hygiene and access. Prompted by a proposed change in such policy, this review was undertaken to identify and summarize existing evidence that compares health outcomes associated with shared sanitation versus individual household latrines.

Date: 15 May 2014

Impact of Indian Total Sanitation Campaign on Latrine Coverage and Use: A Cross-Sectional Study in Orissa Three Years following Programme Implementation

Article by Sharmani Barnard, Parimita Routray, Fiona Majorin, Rachel Peletz, Sophie Boisson, Antara Sinha, Thomas Clasen in PLoS ONE 8(8): e71438. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071438 based on research on the impact of the Indian Government's Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) on latrine coverage and use among 20 villages in Orissa. 

Date: 28 April 2014
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