Policy and advocacy for sanitation

Three million sanitation target by 2015: Is Zambia on course?

The UNICEF and World Health Organisation Joint Monitoring - Programme 2012 report estimates 5 million Zambians live without access to safe water and 6.7 million lack access to improved sanitation (of which around 2.3 million practice open defecation). It is for this reason that Government working with various cooperating partners has embarked on innovative strategies such as the Three Million People Sanitation Programme among others to address this sad state of affairs.

Why Nigeria needs to end open defecation now

Open defecation, the practice of defecating outside and in public as a result of lack of access to toilets and latrines has tremendous consequences on human health, dignity and security as well as the environment, social and economic development. It is reported that a child dies every 2 and a half minutes from diseases linked to open defecation. This practice needs to be stopped now in the interest of the country’s development.

Poor sanitation in India may affecr well-fed children with malnutrition

In India, a long economic boom has done little to reduce the vast number of cases of malnutrition and stunting in children, leaving them with mental and physical deficits that affect them for the rest of their lives. An emerging body of scientific studies suggest that many of the 162 million children under the age of 5 in the world who are malnourished are suffering less a lack of food than poor sanitation.

SQUAT Research Brief No. 1: Ending open defecation requires changing minds

The SQUAT survey was a survey of Sanitation Quality, Use, Access and Trends in rural north India. From December 2013 to April 2014 over 3,200 rural households were asked about their sanitation behaviour and beliefs. Over 300 villages in 13 districts of Bihar, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh were visited by the researchers and data was collected on the defecation behaviour of 22,787 people.
Date: 8 July 2014
Country: 

Hygiene and health: systematic review of handwashing practices worldwide and update of health effects

The purpose of this article was to obtain key inputs for the development of the first regional and global estimates of handwashing with soap following faecal exposure, in
view of updating the estimates of the burden of disease for the impact of this behaviour on diarrhoeal disease. The authors systematically reviewed the prevalence of the relevant hand dhygiene practices worldwide and updated the evidence linking hand hygiene practices to the prevention of diarrhoea. In both cases, they present adjusted estimates

Date: 12 June 2014

Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: Forgotten Foundations of Health

Every year, around 2.4 million deaths worldwide (4.2% of all deaths) could be prevented if everyone practised appropriate hygiene and had good, reliable sanitation and drinking water. The majority of these deaths are children in developing countries dying from diarrhoea and subsequent malnutrition, and from other diseases attributable to malnutrition.
How is an opportunity to prevent so many deaths (and 6.6% of the global burden of disease in terms of disability-adjusted life years or DALYs failing to attract the attention of the international public health community?

Date: 12 June 2014

Burden of disease from inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene in low- and middle-income settings: a retrospective analysis of data from 145 countries

The results of this analysis confirm the importance of improving water and sanitation in low- and middle-income settings for the prevention of diarrhoeal disease burden. The article also highlights the need for better data on exposure and risk reductions that can be achieved with provision of reliable piped water, community sewage with treatment and hand hygiene.

Read and download this article

Date: 12 June 2014

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