Monitoring and sustainability

Gender-Responsive Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: Key elements for effective WASH programming

Effective gender-responsive programming in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) sector can contribute to progress towards gender equality and important WASH results. This document outlines essential elements that WASH practitioners should take into account at all points in the programme cycle in order to enhance a gender-responsive approach to their work.

Date: 3 January 2018

Enabling Factors for Sustaining Open Defecation-Free Communities in Rural Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Community Approaches to Total Sanitation (CATS) programmes, like the Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat (STBM) programme of the Government of Indonesia, have played a significant role in reducing open defecation though still little is known about the sustainability of the outcomes. This study assessed the sustainability of verified Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages and explored the association between slippage occurrence and the strength of social norms through a government conducted cross-sectional data collection in rural Indonesia.

Date: 3 January 2018
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Sustainability of Open Defecation Free campaign in GSF supported Programme Districts, Nepal

WSSCC's Global Sanitation Fund Programme in Nepal was launched in October 2010. Under the guidance of the National Sanitation and Hygiene Coordination Committee (NSHCC), and the leadership of local governments, UNHabitat is executing the programme in Nepal in 19 districts. This independent study investigates the sustainability of interventions.

Date: 18 December 2017
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Soutenir les plus pauvres et vulnérables dans les programmes ATPC

La CLTS Knowledge Hub et l’UNICEF ont organisé un atelier centré sur l’Asie, intitulé « Soutenir les plus pauvres et les plus vulnérables dans les programmes ATPC » aux Philippines en mai 2017. L’événement a réuni des participants dotés d’une solide expérience de première main avec les programmes ATPC, en capacité de chercheurs ou d’appui aux quatre coins du continent.

Date: 29 November 2017

Frontières Numéro 10: Égalité et non-discrimination (EQND) dans les programmes d’assainissement à l’échelle (1e partie/2)

Il est prouvé qu’un programme d’Assainissement total piloté par la communauté (ATPC) bien facilité qui tient compte des gens susceptibles d’être défavorisés et les fait participer de manière proactive peut présenter de nombreux avantages. Faute de quoi, cela peut avoir, et aura souvent, des impacts négatifs et cela rendra les programmes et l’obtention du statut FDAL non durables.

Date: 27 November 2017

WSSCC/AMREF K-SHIP sanitation marketing project in Samia, Busia

Busia County is the only County in Kenya which is Open Defecation Free, having attained this status in 2015. Their journey to Open Defecation Free started with Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in July 2010. During CLTS triggering, the community together Public Health Officers, Community Health Volunteers (CHVs), Community Health Extension Workers (CHEWs) and Natural Leaders addressed the importance of building a latrine. All efforts were then directed to ensure that people build and used toilets.

Date: 20 October 2017
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Promoting handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low-and middle-income countries

This report by 3ie summarises a systematic review by De Buck and colleagues that examines which promotional approaches are effective in changing handwashing and sanitation behaviour and which implementation factors affect the success or failure of such interventions. The study is the first mixed methods systematic review of behaviour change in sanitation and hygiene, drawing on quantitative and qualitative evidence. It shows that CLTS, in comparison with approaches like social marketing and health messaging, is most effective in improving OD behaviour and latrine use.

Date: 28 September 2017

Why doesn’t anybody know if Swachh Bharat Mission is succeeding?

In 2014, the Prime Minister announced a goal of eliminating open defecation by 2019. In this article, Coffey and Spears, contend that now almost two-thirds of the way through the Swachh Bharat Mission, nobody knows whether it is succeeding because there is no credible, independent survey that can offer a useful estimate of the fraction of rural persons defecating in the open.

Read more in Ideas for India, 10 July 2017

All for one and one for All? Supporting the poorest through the CLTS process

Reflections from the CLTS Side Event at the 40th WEDC Conference

Achieving SDG target 6.2 necessitates a reworking of the national landscape of sanitation policies, strategies and programmes. Intra-community support for ending open defecation can no longer be taken fore granted by global and national CLTS actors. Last week at the 40th WEDC Conference the CLTS Knowledge Hub and UNICEF held a side event on ‘Revisiting Subsidies: supporting the poorest through the CLTS process’.

UNICEF Field Notes on Communiy Approaches to Total Sanitation: Learning from five country programmes

CATS is UNICEF’s core strategy to eliminate open defecation, in line with Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6.2: to ‘achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations’.4 CATS has scaled up rapidly since its 2008 inception, with implementation in over 60 countries: approximately 48 million people now live in open defecation free communities that previously did not.5 With these achievements come even greater challenges.

Date: 27 July 2017
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