Monitoring and sustainability

Comprehending practitioners’ assessments of community-led total sanitation

Around 2.3 billion people in developing countries still lack access to improved sanitation facilities and almost one billion practice open defecation (OD). Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) has recently become a particularly popular approach used in more than 60 countries. It is a behaviour change approach that aims to ignite community action and make OD socially unacceptable without providing any external financial or material support to individual households. Also sometimes perceived as a revolutionary approach that has proven to be highly cost-effective in abolishing OD.

Date: 15 October 2018

Rapid monitoring and evaluation of a community-led total sanitation program using smartphones

India accounts for around 50 percent of the world’s open defecation, and under a World Bank initiative, a rural district was selected to be the first open defecation-free (ODF) district in Punjab. Considering this, the current study aims to evaluate the application and impact of a smartphone-based instant messaging app (IMA) on the process of making Fatehgarh Sahib an ODF district.

Date: 15 October 2018
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Atelier régional sur l’assainissement rural en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre : Note d’apprentissage

Le CLTS Knowledge Hub, basé à l’Institute of Development Studies, WaterAid, le WSSCC et l’UNICEF ont co-organisé un atelier régional à Saly, au Sénégal, du 25 au 28 juin 2018, avec l’aide de l’AGETIP. L’événement a réuni les personnes impliquées dans la programmation de l’eau, l’assainissement et l’hygiène (EAH) en milieu rural dans 14 pays de la région (Bénin, Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Gambie, Ghana, Libéria, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, République Démocratique du Congo (RDC), Sénégal, Tchad et Togo) aux côtés d’experts travaillant aux niveaux régional et mondial.

Date: 1 October 2018

Strengthening the business case for water, sanitation and hygiene: how to measure value for your business

Business is part of the solution and has a crucial role in driving the step change needed to meet Sustainable Development Goal 6 on water and sanitation. This guide aims to support evidence gathering and strengthen the business case for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), which is currently lacking.

Date: 13 September 2018

Fostering Collective Action to Improve Sanitation in Rural Cambodia

Rural Cambodia is home to the largest proportion of individuals practicing open defecation in Southeast Asia. The Cambodia Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement Program (CRSHIP) has sought to address harmful sanitation practices by increasing access to improved sanitation and promoting proper hygiene in rural target areas.

Date: 13 September 2018
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UNICEF Game plan to end open defecation

The game plan outlines UNICEF’s programmatic focus and approaches in sanitation over the next four years to 2021. It will help ensure that ending open defecation receives the deliberate and sustained attention it will require to succeed: without a constant focus on the issue, there is no doubt that both the SDG objectives and UNICEF’s objectives for sanitation (as per Goal Area 4 in the Strategic Plan 2018-2021) will be jeopardised. The game plan will ensure that there is a strong emphasis on both equity and the sustainability of results, in line with UNICEF’s WASH Strategy 2016-2030.

Date: 13 September 2018

Mapping the evidence on WASH promotion in communities, schools and health facilities

Ensuring everyone has access to appropriate WASH facilities is one of the most fundamental challenges in international development. Researchers and funders need to consider carefully where there is the need for new primary evidence, such as impact evaluations, and for new evidence syntheses, such as systematic reviews. 3ie evidence gap maps are collections of evidence from impact evaluations and systematic reviews. They highlight where there are sufficient impact evaluations to support systematic reviews and where more studies are needed.

Date: 13 September 2018

CLTS Rapid Appraisal Protocol (C-RAP). A tool for rapid assessment of the practice of CLTS at scale

CLTS rapid Appraisal Protocol (CRAP) is a diagnostic tool to review the quality and effectiveness of CLTS programming in a country. The success of CLTS in triggering communities for collective behaviour change has been a global phenomenon. However achieving scale in a planned, coordinated and consistent manner to move beyond ODF villages towards generating ODF districts, regions and nations has been challenging. Furthermore, wide variations have been found in the quality of implementation, rolling out and outcomes across different countries.

Date: 13 September 2018

Sustainability of ODF achievements and safely managed sanitation in West and Central Africa

At the recent West and Central Africa Regional Rural Sanitation workshop, organised by the CLTS Knowledge Hub, in Saly, Senegal 25-28 June 2018, sanitation practitioners from 15 countries met to discuss regional and national sanitation challenges, to identify lessons learned and share best practices. Many participants identified the different components of the sustainability of open defecation free (ODF) achievements and links with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), specifically with the ‘safely managed sanitation’ target 6.2, as significant challenges.

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