Monitoring and sustainability

Can direct benefit transfer strengthen the Swachh Bharat Mission? Learnings from three districts in Madhya Pradesh, India

In order to address some of the challenges faced in implementation of Indian government's flagship programme Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), the Madhya Pradesh state government introduced the direct benefit transfer of incentives to beneficiary households in 2016. This system uses an android application and web portal for digitising the processes, resulting in direct transfer of toilet construction incentives into beneficiaries' bank accounts.

Date: 15 October 2018
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Using immersive research to understand rural sanitation: lessons from the Swachh Bharat Mission in India

This WEDC conference paper focuses on an Immersive Research Approach designed by Praxis, IDS and WaterAid whereby researchers lived in villages in recently declared open defecation free districts, to gain an in-depth understanding of ground realities and community perspectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin. The study shed light on key aspects and dynamics influencing local ownership, behaviour change and construction quality, and also revealed multifaceted exclusion processes.

Date: 15 October 2018
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New WHO Guidelines on Sanitation and Health

The World Health Organisation have developed new guidelines on sanitation and health because current sanitation programmes are not achieving anticipated health gains and there is a lack of authoritative health-based guidance on sanitation. The new guidelines summarise the evidence on the effectiveness of a range of sanitation interventions and provide a comprehensive framework for health-protecting sanitation, covering policy and governance measures, implementation of sanitation technologies, systems and behavioural interventions, risk-based management, and monitoring approaches.

Date: 15 October 2018

Comprehending practitioners’ assessments of community-led total sanitation

Around 2.3 billion people in developing countries still lack access to improved sanitation facilities and almost one billion practice open defecation (OD). Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) has recently become a particularly popular approach used in more than 60 countries. It is a behaviour change approach that aims to ignite community action and make OD socially unacceptable without providing any external financial or material support to individual households. Also sometimes perceived as a revolutionary approach that has proven to be highly cost-effective in abolishing OD.

Date: 15 October 2018

Rapid monitoring and evaluation of a community-led total sanitation program using smartphones

India accounts for around 50 percent of the world’s open defecation, and under a World Bank initiative, a rural district was selected to be the first open defecation-free (ODF) district in Punjab. Considering this, the current study aims to evaluate the application and impact of a smartphone-based instant messaging app (IMA) on the process of making Fatehgarh Sahib an ODF district.

Date: 15 October 2018
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Atelier régional sur l’assainissement rural en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre : Note d’apprentissage

Le CLTS Knowledge Hub, basé à l’Institute of Development Studies, WaterAid, le WSSCC et l’UNICEF ont co-organisé un atelier régional à Saly, au Sénégal, du 25 au 28 juin 2018, avec l’aide de l’AGETIP. L’événement a réuni les personnes impliquées dans la programmation de l’eau, l’assainissement et l’hygiène (EAH) en milieu rural dans 14 pays de la région (Bénin, Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Gambie, Ghana, Libéria, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, République Démocratique du Congo (RDC), Sénégal, Tchad et Togo) aux côtés d’experts travaillant aux niveaux régional et mondial.

Date: 1 October 2018

Strengthening the business case for water, sanitation and hygiene: how to measure value for your business

Business is part of the solution and has a crucial role in driving the step change needed to meet Sustainable Development Goal 6 on water and sanitation. This guide aims to support evidence gathering and strengthen the business case for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), which is currently lacking.

Date: 13 September 2018

Fostering Collective Action to Improve Sanitation in Rural Cambodia

Rural Cambodia is home to the largest proportion of individuals practicing open defecation in Southeast Asia. The Cambodia Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement Program (CRSHIP) has sought to address harmful sanitation practices by increasing access to improved sanitation and promoting proper hygiene in rural target areas.

Date: 13 September 2018
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UNICEF Game plan to end open defecation

The game plan outlines UNICEF’s programmatic focus and approaches in sanitation over the next four years to 2021. It will help ensure that ending open defecation receives the deliberate and sustained attention it will require to succeed: without a constant focus on the issue, there is no doubt that both the SDG objectives and UNICEF’s objectives for sanitation (as per Goal Area 4 in the Strategic Plan 2018-2021) will be jeopardised. The game plan will ensure that there is a strong emphasis on both equity and the sustainability of results, in line with UNICEF’s WASH Strategy 2016-2030.

Date: 13 September 2018

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