Monitoring and sustainability

National protocols and guidelines for verification and certification

Definitions Verification is the process of confirming the claims of communities to have met the criteria for ODF status. Certification is the official confirmation and recognition of the ODF status of communities. Verification of communities claiming to be ODF (open defecation free) and certification of these communities are key stages in CLTS follow up and vital for quality assurance and sustainability of collective behaviour change. Carrying out follow up, verification and certification at scale is not an easy task. With more and more national governments adopting CLTS as their key approach to sanitation and including it in their policies, there is a need for streamlined guidance on monitoring and on how to conduct verification and certification.
Date: 30 November 2012

A hypothesis on the monitoring system in India’s Total Sanitation Campaign

One of the problems of the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in India has been its flawed monitoring system. The sanitation sector internationally was shocked when recently the sanitation coverage data from the Census were published. The worst fears were surpassed. Between 2001 and 2011, the TSC reported a sanitation increase of 46 points; from 22% to 68%. However, coverage was only 31% in 2011 according to the Census (GoI 2012a). This raises questions about the TSC monitoring system –and about the TSC policy itself, too.

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