Monitoring and sustainability

Key resource: Tracking Progress and Sustainability: Monitoring, Verification and Certification of CLTS

Monitoring, verification and certification are essential for ensuring the success and sustainability of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) efforts. Monitoring assesses and documents progress towards and the sustainability of Open Defecation Free (ODF) status. Verification and certification provide a goal for communities and help implementing agencies and governments to ensure consistency and reliability of desired outcomes.

Date: 24 January 2017

Key resource: Sanitation and Hygiene in Africa: Where do We Stand? Analysis from the AfricaSan Conference, Kigali, Rwanda

Sanitation and Hygiene in Africa: Where do We Stand? (IWA Publishing 2013, eds Piers Cross and Yolande Coombes) takes stock of progress made by African countries through the AfricaSan process since 2008 and the progress needed to meet the MDG on sanitation by 2015 and beyond. This book addresses priorities which have been identified by African countries as the key elements which need to be addressed in order to accelerate progress.

Date: 21 October 2013

Is Africa on Track to Achieve the SDGs on Sanitation? A review of progress on the Ngor Declaration on Sanitation and Hygiene

This report summarises the results of the Ngor Commitment monitoring carried out by 39 countries. The purpose of the report is to provide a baseline three years on from the Ngor Declaration on Sanitation and Hygiene. It provides an overview of the vision and commitments themselves and the actions required to make progress. The monitoring process captures the Ngor Commitments both in terms of whether the building blocks of the enabling environment are in place, and subsequently captures progress against country-specific targets.

Date: 19 March 2019

The Camissa Multi-Stakeholder Statement on Achieving Access to Adequate and Equitable Sanitation and Hygiene for All and Ending Open Defecation in Africa by 2030

This multi-stakeholder statement emerging from the deliberations during the Fifth Africa Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene held in Cape Town, South Africa, February 18-22, 2019, focuses on progress towards achieving the Vision and Commitments of the Ngor Declaration on Sanitation and Hygiene in Africa.

It sets out the key issues of the sanitation and hygiene sector in Africa (see below) and the specific actions to be taken by each stakeholder group including Local Administrative Authorities, Development Partners, Civil Society, and Private Sector.

Date: 14 March 2019

Jirani sanitation groups: sustaining open defecation free status in Tanzania

The sustainability of open defecation free (ODF) status in rural areas where toilets frequently collapse is a global concern.  In Tanzania, SNV has developed an innovative approach called Jirani sanitation groups (JSGs). 'Jirani' means neighbour and the approach is based on community support; if a toilet collapses another can be built with the help of neighbours.

Date: 31 January 2019

How To Manual – the K-Ship Real Time Learning Approach

Development programmes tend to document the progress of their activities at the end of reporting cycles (monthly, quarterly, annually etc.). This approach has however not always been effective in significantly contributing to effective programming.  As a result, K-SHIP made a collective decision to start reporting in ‘real time’ so addressing, documenting and sharing problems and learnings as they arise rather than a significant time after.

Date: 10 January 2019


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