Monitoring and sustainability

Who is managing the post-ODF process in the community? A case study from Nambale

Post-ODF follow up is central to sustaining ODF status, and needs to be integrated into CLTS programming from the outset. This paper explores who is to carry out these activities and how they might be motivated and financed. It argues for the importance of identifying existing administrative and social structures prior to implementation.

Date: 5 September 2016
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Follow up MANDONA: Guidelines for Practitioners

Follow-up MANDONA (FUM) is an action-oriented approach to accelerate the end of open defecation after the initial CLTS triggering session. Based on CLTS principles, FUM involves a series of facilitated sessions with the entire community to reinforce behaviour change and collectively undertake small, immediate and doable actions to become ODF in the shortest time possible.

The Global Sanitation Fund in Madagascar has developed this field guide for accelerating and sustaining open defecation free communities through CLTS.

Date: 31 August 2016
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Protocole pour l'evaluation et la certification de la fin de defecation a l'air libre (Mali)

Au Mali, la défécation à l’air libre est pratiquée par 19% de la population en milieu rural (JMP, Rapport 2013). De plus, seulement 14% de la population rurale ont accès à un assainissement amélioré et 53% de cette même population rurale ont accès à une source d’eau améliorée (JMP 2013). Avec ces couvertures et vu la croissance démographique, le Mali ne pourra pas atteindre les cibles des OMD en ce qui concerne le WASH.

Date: 18 August 2016
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Sustainability of ODF Practices in Kenya

Since the launch of the ODF campaign in 2011 UNICEF has supported the Ministry of Health to scale up sanitation activities with CLTS as its core strategy. The Department of  Environmental Health (DEHS) within the ministry has demonstrated strong leadership and is a clear champion for sanitation and hygiene. Sanitation services have been devolved to the county government under the new constitution (2010) and CLTS implementation is now being led by the County Health Teams.

Date: 2 August 2016
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Looking beyond ODF: Plan NL/Plan UK side event at WEDC Conference 2016

At the 39th International WEDC Conference, Plan Netherlands and Plan UK hosted a side event entitled 'Looking beyond ODF: planning and implementing for sustainability. Plan  shared challenges and lessons learned from two different Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Programmes: Mascha Singeling, Senior WASH Advisor at Plan Netherlands, shared lessons learned from the Pan Africa CLTS Programme that covered 8 African countries; Mimi Coultas, WASH Advisor at Plan International UK, presented the lessons learned from the large Payment by Results South Asia WASH Results Programme.

Date: 1 August 2016
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Second review of CLTS in the East Asia and Pacific Region

This UNICEF review is aimed as a timely contribution to overall knowledge on the provision of equitable and sustainable sanitation and hygiene for all – highlighting what has worked, and issues that still need attention, especially in the area of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS).

Date: 4 July 2016

Tracking the construction of latrines in Zambia

Monitoring is always an important part of the development process, especially in CLTS. What are the factors and milestones we discuss when it comes to improving Water, Sanitation and Hygiene? We discuss Open Defecation Free status (ODF). We discuss uptake of handwashing with soap. We also discuss the construction of latrines. All of these factors can be indicators that will point to improved sanitation standards and the potential reduction of diarrheal disease. But how can we monitor and evaluate these indicators in a regular, timely, and accurate way?

Sanitation in Bangladesh: Revolution, Evolution, and New Challenges

Bangladesh is a hub of sanitation experimentation and model-building. It is internationally recognised as the place where Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) first succeeded in eliminating open defecation (OD) from whole villages. This and other achievements rest on a broad foundation. After briefly reviewing the history of sanitation promotion in rural Bangladesh, this paper summarises the most urgent issues and challenges related to sustaining the country’s achievements in 2015.

Date: 2 June 2016
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CLTS Sharing and Learning at Brisbane WASH Futures (Report)

Report from the CLTS Sharing and Learning Workshop hosted by the CLTS Knowledge Hub on Wednesday 18th May 2016 at the Brisbane WASH Futures Conference. At the workshop, participants from different countries and organisations had the opportunity to exchange experiences, discuss ideas, challenges, innovations and to network with each other. Topics that featured prominently on the day were sustainability, equity and inclusion, monitoring, verification and certification.

Date: 2 June 2016

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