Governments and Institutions

Action Learning: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’s missing master key

The number and nature of the many forces that intertwine to trap rural Indians in filth and infections are still not fully recognised. Widespread preference for open defecation (OD), subsidised toilets, corruption, caste and divided communities, concepts of purity, population increase and density, faecally-transmitted infections (FTIs) causing undernutrition (‘shit stunts’), diminishing cognitive ability and damaging immune systems, and the multiple physical and social harms inflicted on women and girls – these are among the forces that interlock as a syndrome - a net, a trap, a prison - escape from which is fiendishly difficult.

Will Narendra Modi free India from open defecation?

“Has it ever pained us that our mothers and sisters have to defecate in the open?” With these words, the new Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi last week pushed sanitation up the hierarchy of national concerns. Using the solemn speech in the annual commemoration of the Independence Day, Modi announced a new campaign to eliminate open defecation – the practice of people relieving themselves in the open – by 150th anniversary of Gandhi’s birth in 2019.

First National Annual Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene in Kenya

From the 1st to 3rd April Kenya's Ministry of Health organised the First National Annual Conference on Sanitation & Hygiene in Nairobi.The theme for the conference was “accelerating access to improved sanitation under devolution: making the right a reality.” The main objective was to spur action by both national and county governments to accelerate access to safe sanitation in Kenya. The specific objectives were:

Date: 24 April 2014
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CLTS: A handbook on facts and processes

The Ministry of Health in partnership with Plan Uganda has developed a handbook on facts and processes of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS). The aim of the handbook is to increase awareness and harness momentum for uptake of CLTS among stakeholders such as key Ministries with responsibility for sanitation, District Local Governments structures and Civil Society Organizations.
Date: 19 March 2014
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An untold story of policy failure: the Total Sanitation Campaign in India

The Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) was a community-led, people-centred, demand-driven and incentive-based programme ideal to address India's rural sanitation crisis, or so it seemed. But policy failed to translate into practice and outcomes were remarkably poor. In the 2011 census data showed 31% sanitation coverage in 2011 (up from 22% in 2001), far from the 68% reported by the Government. The decade has witnessed progress slowing down and the number of rural households without latrines increasing by 8.3 million.

Date: 20 December 2013
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Sacosan V: An overview of the conference and Nepal’s sanitation and hygiene master plan

SACOSAN V

The South Asian Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN V) kicked off on the 21 October 2013 in Kathmandu. It is a biennial convention providing a platform for interaction on sanitation to South Asian countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka), enabling learning from past experiences and setting actions for the future.

Sanitation: Nigeria can be a key world economic player, if ...

Nigeria needs to proactively address sanitation issues for it to be a key world economic player,  United Nations Chilren Education Fund (UNICEF) has said, adding that a country’s sanitation level determines the survival rate of its children.

Read more in the Nigerian Tribune, 22nd October 2013

Reflections from World Water Week 2013

Robert Chambers

I enjoyed World Water Week.  There were some good sessions, old friends and new people to meet, and a lot to learn.  This year the theme was Water Cooperation: Building Partnerships.  The bias to water was understandable but if anything stronger than usual – my rough count is that about one session in ten was on sanitation or WASH, but that was enough to keep you busy as sessions ran in parallel and much of the time there was something relevant to go to. 

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