behaviour change

Why we should not set 'targets' for ODF

The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is a revamped programme on sanitation launched by the H’ble Prime Minister, with a clear focus on outcomes. The programme was drafted carefully, looking at learnings from past sanitation programmes in the rural sector. Despite many programmes, the rural sanitation coverage rate did not get much success, for varied reasons. The primary reason was inability to implement programme in a pure ‘demand driven’ way, and lack of capacities to trigger behavioural change, required for this demand generation.

Norms, Knowledge and Usage

The partial or total non-use of toilets, with some or all in a household defecating in the open, is a growing concern. Although all households may have a toilet, communities cannot remain open defecation free unless they are always used by everyone. This is not just an issue of maintenance and accessibility but also of social norms, mind-sets, and cultural preferences. The problem is widespread but most evident in India. This issue of Frontiers of CLTS asks how serious the problem is, why it occurs, what can be done about it, and what more needs to be known.

Date: 8 January 2016

Webinar on Engaging Local Actors in Sanitation Behavior Change: Case Studies of CLTS (Plan/UNC)

Join UNC and Plan for a webinar on Thursday, December 17th from 10:00 – 11:00 am (EST) as they share the results of implementation research on the role and potential of local actors to sustain CLTS outcomes. During this webinar, Vidya Venkataramanan, PhD candidate at the Water Institute at UNC, will present findings from seven country case studies across Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean. The presentation will then be followed by 30 minutes of Q&A with audience members

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Smell, an overlooked factor in sanitation promotion

Bad smell from human waste carries so many social, moral, aesthetic, and disease-related concerns that it represents a major barrier to successful sanitation adaptation for people all over the world. This paper summarizes the author’s experiences from sanitation research in low- and middle-income settings from several continents and research disciplines, and addresses the often-overlooked issue of reduction of smell for effective sanitation promotion.

Date: 8 December 2015

IDS in action: sharing and learning on CLTS and sustainability

Life on the beach – the stunning location of the AfricaSan 4 Dakar conference, in a grand hotel perched on the Senegalese coast, was not enough to distract the participants of the IDS CLTS sharing and learning workshop from their task. As usual, the workshop was held the day before the main AfricaSan conference to profit from the gathering together of so many experienced WASH professionals. The event proved almost too popular – something like 90 participants turned up – making it quite challenging and time-consuming to capture and discuss the diverse views of the large group.

AfricaSan "Making Sanitation for All a Reality in Africa"

I attended the AfricaSan (Africa Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene) convened by the Government of Senegal and AMCOW in Dakar in May. The conference brought together national government ministers and officials, as well as implementation partners, programme managers and teams, and sanitation and hygiene specialists, to discuss opportunities and challenges for Making Sanitation for All a Reality in Africa by 2030.

We have a lot to learn...

Last week’s Water and Health Conference held at the University of North Carolina’s Water Institute had an array of different workshops, side events and oral and poster presentations focusing on sanitation. After only a day into the week-long event two important messages started to emerge. Firstly, the sanitation problem is endemic in certain parts of the world, especially India, and unfortunately we do not know a lot and have an awful lot to learn.

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