Community Approaches to Total Sanitation: Case studies from India, Nepal, Sierra Leone, Zambia

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This Field Note discusses the evolution of sanitation programming in UNICEF and the origins of CATS (Community Approaches to Sanitation). It examines each of the CATS essential elements and explores their implementation through country case studies. The case studies illustrate a range of methods under the CATS umbrella:

  • Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in Sierra Leone and Zambia
  • School-Led Total Sanitation (SLTS) in Nepal; and
  • the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in India.

    Community Approaches to Total Sanitation (CATS) is an umbrella term used by UNICEF to encompass a wide range of community-based sanitation programming. CATS share the goal of eliminating open defecation; they are rooted in community demand and leadership, focused on behaviour and social change, and committed to local innovation.

Part of the series Field Notes: UNICEF Policy and Programming in Practice
UNICEF Division of Policy and Practice and Programme Division (2009)

Date: 13 July 2010
Sierra Leone,