Country papers

Targeting the poor in sanitation and hygiene programs through result-based financing in Vietnam

Over the past decade or so, donors have increasingly sought to link their financing to results on the ground, and focus on interventions towards the poor. In sanitation, this effort has mostly taken the form of pilot operations through government agencies; only a handful of schemes have involved international non-governmental organisations (INGOs). This discussion paper shows how the INGO East Meets West (EMW) pioneered the use of output-based aid (OBA) type incentives to ensure sustainability and better poverty targeting in Vietnam.

Date: 4 November 2019
Country: 

Community Hygiene Output-Based Aid (CHOBA): Project Completion Report

This project completion report synthesises lessons learned from the implementation of the Community Hygiene Output-Based Aid (CHOBA) project between 2012 and 2016. The objective of the project was to use an output-based approach (OBA) to accelerate household ownership of hygienic latrines, with a focus on the rural poor in Vietnam and Cambodia. The project was implemented by the East Meets West Foundation (EMW). 

Date: 4 November 2019
Country: 

Urban WASH in Small Towns: The ‘ONEWASH Plus’Programme in Ethiopia

Urban WASH in Small Towns in Ethiopia

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) for urban populations is one of UNICEF’s emerging areas of focus highlighted in its Global WASH Strategy (2016–2030). In east and southern Africa, a number of WASH programmes have targeted small towns as a niche area in which UNICEF can build on its experience and comparative advantages at a manageable scale for the organisation. The focus of this Field Note is on Ethiopia’s ONEWASH Plus programme, and it is designed as a learning note for the organisation as it strengthens its role in urban areas

Date: 16 April 2019
Country: 

Urban WASH programming in Megacities: Supporting Low Income Communities of Dhaka, Bangladesh

UNICEF Field Note Urban WASH in Megacities

This Field Note forms part of UNICEF’s efforts to document its urban WASH programme experience and expertise, to inform the development of a global urban WASH framework and support the Global WASH Strategy. It focuses on a specific context in urban WASH programming: Low Income Communities (LICs) in megacities. It documents UNICEF’s experiences in provision of WASH services to LICs of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

Date: 16 April 2019
Country: 

Guidelines for Targeting the Poor and Vulnerable for Sanitation Services in Ghana

Global Communities Ghana, with funding from USAID, as part of the WASH for Health project has been collaborating with the Government of Ghana Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources to develop Guidelines for Targeting the Poor and Vulnerable for Basic Sanitation Services in Ghana. These guidelines were published in June 2018. The partnership also produced a video highlighting the need for such Guidelines.

Date: 12 February 2019
Country: 

Manual cleaning of sewers and septic tanks - policy brief

In December 2013, the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act (“the Act”) was notified by the Central Indian Government. The Act is a Parliamentary law, binding on all states. While an earlier 1993 law prohibited the employment of manual scavengers and construction of dry latrines, the strength of the new Act is that it brings hazardous cleaning of sewers and septic tanks under its ambit.

Date: 12 November 2018
Country: 

Menstrual hygiene management in schools in South Asia: Pakistan

This four page brief shows a snapshot of menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in schools in Pakistan.

Various federal and provincial initiatives support MHM in schools: the National water, sanitation and hygiene in schools strategy (WinS); Baluchistan WinS strategy and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa WinS strategy. Appropriate curricula together with teacher training are needed at provincial level.

Date: 12 November 2018
Country: 

ODF+, ODF++ and Sustainability of Sanitation: Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis

The clock is counting down to 2nd October 2019, the Government of India’s date to eradicate open defecation. It is quickly becoming clear the Government is looking at how to consolidate gains made in the past few years on sanitation and not being undone by slippages. As the mission has progressed, the sanitation coverage of rural India has increased to 94.73% and 19 states and UTS, 432 districts and 422,650 villages have been declared as open defecation-free (ODF). Still, there is need to construct as many 148 million toilets in one year (SBM MIS, 2018).

Date: 9 November 2018
Country: 

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