Country papers

Urban WASH in Small Towns: The ‘ONEWASH Plus’Programme in Ethiopia

Urban WASH in Small Towns in Ethiopia

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) for urban populations is one of UNICEF’s emerging areas of focus highlighted in its Global WASH Strategy (2016–2030). In east and southern Africa, a number of WASH programmes have targeted small towns as a niche area in which UNICEF can build on its experience and comparative advantages at a manageable scale for the organisation. The focus of this Field Note is on Ethiopia’s ONEWASH Plus programme, and it is designed as a learning note for the organisation as it strengthens its role in urban areas

Date: 16 April 2019
Country: 

Urban WASH programming in Megacities: Supporting Low Income Communities of Dhaka, Bangladesh

UNICEF Field Note Urban WASH in Megacities

This Field Note forms part of UNICEF’s efforts to document its urban WASH programme experience and expertise, to inform the development of a global urban WASH framework and support the Global WASH Strategy. It focuses on a specific context in urban WASH programming: Low Income Communities (LICs) in megacities. It documents UNICEF’s experiences in provision of WASH services to LICs of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

Date: 16 April 2019
Country: 

Guidelines for Targeting the Poor and Vulnerable for Sanitation Services in Ghana

Global Communities Ghana, with funding from USAID, as part of the WASH for Health project has been collaborating with the Government of Ghana Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources to develop Guidelines for Targeting the Poor and Vulnerable for Basic Sanitation Services in Ghana. These guidelines were published in June 2018. The partnership also produced a video highlighting the need for such Guidelines.

Date: 12 February 2019
Country: 

Manual cleaning of sewers and septic tanks - policy brief

In December 2013, the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act (“the Act”) was notified by the Central Indian Government. The Act is a Parliamentary law, binding on all states. While an earlier 1993 law prohibited the employment of manual scavengers and construction of dry latrines, the strength of the new Act is that it brings hazardous cleaning of sewers and septic tanks under its ambit.

Date: 12 November 2018
Country: 

Menstrual hygiene management in schools in South Asia: Pakistan

This four page brief shows a snapshot of menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in schools in Pakistan.

Various federal and provincial initiatives support MHM in schools: the National water, sanitation and hygiene in schools strategy (WinS); Baluchistan WinS strategy and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa WinS strategy. Appropriate curricula together with teacher training are needed at provincial level.

Date: 12 November 2018
Country: 

ODF+, ODF++ and Sustainability of Sanitation: Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis

The clock is counting down to 2nd October 2019, the Government of India’s date to eradicate open defecation. It is quickly becoming clear the Government is looking at how to consolidate gains made in the past few years on sanitation and not being undone by slippages. As the mission has progressed, the sanitation coverage of rural India has increased to 94.73% and 19 states and UTS, 432 districts and 422,650 villages have been declared as open defecation-free (ODF). Still, there is need to construct as many 148 million toilets in one year (SBM MIS, 2018).

Date: 9 November 2018
Country: 

Pad Man: Bollywood's 'menstrual man' movie targets Indian taboo

A Bollywood movie about an inventor who created a revolutionary machine that makes cheap sanitary pads hit Indian screens this month, challenging taboos surrounding menstruation in socially conservative India. Arunachalam Muruganantham is nicknamed India's "menstrual man" for transforming the lives of poor women forced to use items like old rags, sand and leaves during their periods. He has been lauded by India's government and is now getting the star treatment with Bollywood A-lister Akshay Kumar portraying him in "Pad Man", which was released on 9th February 2018.

Gender Equality and Disability Inclusion within water, sanitation and hygiene

This discussion paper was developed by, and is the result of, a collaboration between WaterAid, CBM Australia and Di Kilsby Consulting. It is based on reflections on applying integrated gender and disability advisory support to rightsbased water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programs in Timor-Leste and Papua New Guinea.

Date: 4 January 2018

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