Case studies

Identifying the last 10% of households practising open defecation in rural Tanzania

Since 2017, SNV and the Government of Tanzania have been implementing the Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) programme in eight Tanzanian districts. To date, the number of households that use toilets has increased to 90%. In the period March–April 2019, SNV Tanzania undertook a household survey in the eight project districts to identify the 10% of households still practising open defecation (OD) or sharing toilets despite the concerted government and SNV sanitation interventions.

Date: 17 June 2019
Country: 

Urban WASH in Small Towns: The ‘ONEWASH Plus’Programme in Ethiopia

Urban WASH in Small Towns in Ethiopia

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) for urban populations is one of UNICEF’s emerging areas of focus highlighted in its Global WASH Strategy (2016–2030). In east and southern Africa, a number of WASH programmes have targeted small towns as a niche area in which UNICEF can build on its experience and comparative advantages at a manageable scale for the organisation. The focus of this Field Note is on Ethiopia’s ONEWASH Plus programme, and it is designed as a learning note for the organisation as it strengthens its role in urban areas

Date: 16 April 2019
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Urban WASH programming in Protracted Conflict Contexts: Aleppo’s Experience, Syria

Urban WASH programming in Protracted Conflict Contexts

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) for urban populations is one of UNICEF’s emerging areas of focus, highlighted in its Global WASH Strategy (2016–2030). In the Middle East, UNICEF is engaged in supporting urban populations affected by protracted conflict, either in their home cities or, having fled conflict, in locations to which they have been displaced. Provision of WASH services in these circumstances has presented the organisation with new and unfamiliar challenges as it seeks to ensure WASH for the vulnerable amid the devastation.

Date: 16 April 2019

Urban WASH programming in Megacities: Supporting Low Income Communities of Dhaka, Bangladesh

UNICEF Field Note Urban WASH in Megacities

This Field Note forms part of UNICEF’s efforts to document its urban WASH programme experience and expertise, to inform the development of a global urban WASH framework and support the Global WASH Strategy. It focuses on a specific context in urban WASH programming: Low Income Communities (LICs) in megacities. It documents UNICEF’s experiences in provision of WASH services to LICs of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

Date: 16 April 2019
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Jirani sanitation groups: sustaining open defecation free status in Tanzania

The sustainability of open defecation free (ODF) status in rural areas where toilets frequently collapse is a global concern.  In Tanzania, SNV has developed an innovative approach called Jirani sanitation groups (JSGs). 'Jirani' means neighbour and the approach is based on community support; if a toilet collapses another can be built with the help of neighbours.

Date: 31 January 2019
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Emotional demonstrations (emo-demos) of handwashing with soap at vaccination centres

Emotional demonstrations (emo-demos) are used in behaviour-centred design to trigger behaviour changes, such as handwashing with soap, by creating disgust and shame. This eight-page case study presents the emo-demo for triggering behaviour changes at vaccination centres, which were found to be ideal places to raise awareness of the importance of washing hands with soap among pregnant women, mothers and caregivers.

Date: 31 January 2019
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Podcast: Involving local communities for sustainable WASH in Schools

In this episode of WASH Talks podcast series, host Andy Narracott talks about WASH in schools with Linda Lilian, Knowledge Management and Learning Specialist at Simavi Uganda, and Machtelt Oudenhuijzen, Senior Programme Manager at Aqua for All and lead of the Football for Water programme.

Date: 12 November 2018

Unpacking the Processes of Open Defecation Free Status in Udaipur: A case study of Udaipur, Rajasthan

This report is the culmination of a study conducted by the Centre for Policy Research's 'Accountability Initiative' on Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin in 2017 on the request of the Udaipur district administration. This study aims to understand the detailed process evaluation of the implementation of the recent sanitation efforts in Udaipur, and the outcomes, which led to Open Defecation Free status in selected Gram Panchayats.

Specifically the study aims to:

Date: 5 October 2018
Country: 

Fatal dangers of poorly maintained school pit latrines in South Africa

This BBC news article tells the tragic story of a five-year-old boy, Michael Komape, drowning in a poorly maintained school pit latrine in northern South Africa in 2014. It highlights a serious national problem: less than a fifth of schools have access to a latrine and where they do many have been found to be unsafe, which has resulted in another similar tragic death of a young girl this year.

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