Case studies

Jirani sanitation groups: sustaining open defecation free status in Tanzania

The sustainability of open defecation free (ODF) status in rural areas where toilets frequently collapse is a global concern.  In Tanzania, SNV has developed an innovative approach called Jirani sanitation groups (JSGs). 'Jirani' means neighbour and the approach is based on community support; if a toilet collapses another can be built with the help of neighbours.

Date: 31 January 2019
Country: 

Emotional demonstrations (emo-demos) of handwashing with soap at vaccination centres

Emotional demonstrations (emo-demos) are used in behaviour-centred design to trigger behaviour changes, such as handwashing with soap, by creating disgust and shame. This eight-page case study presents the emo-demo for triggering behaviour changes at vaccination centres, which were found to be ideal places to raise awareness of the importance of washing hands with soap among pregnant women, mothers and caregivers.

Date: 31 January 2019
Country: 

Podcast: Involving local communities for sustainable WASH in Schools

In this episode of WASH Talks podcast series, host Andy Narracott talks about WASH in schools with Linda Lilian, Knowledge Management and Learning Specialist at Simavi Uganda, and Machtelt Oudenhuijzen, Senior Programme Manager at Aqua for All and lead of the Football for Water programme.

Date: 12 November 2018

Unpacking the Processes of Open Defecation Free Status in Udaipur: A case study of Udaipur, Rajasthan

This report is the culmination of a study conducted by the Centre for Policy Research's 'Accountability Initiative' on Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin in 2017 on the request of the Udaipur district administration. This study aims to understand the detailed process evaluation of the implementation of the recent sanitation efforts in Udaipur, and the outcomes, which led to Open Defecation Free status in selected Gram Panchayats.

Specifically the study aims to:

Date: 5 October 2018
Country: 

Fatal dangers of poorly maintained school pit latrines in South Africa

This BBC news article tells the tragic story of a five-year-old boy, Michael Komape, drowning in a poorly maintained school pit latrine in northern South Africa in 2014. It highlights a serious national problem: less than a fifth of schools have access to a latrine and where they do many have been found to be unsafe, which has resulted in another similar tragic death of a young girl this year.

Transgender-inclusive sanitation: insights from South Asia

This paper provides insights from initiatives that include transgender people in sanitation programming in South Asia. Three case studies of recent actions to make sanitation inclusive for transgender people (in India and Nepal) are presented, accompanied by reflections and recommendations to guide future practice.

Practitioners are recommended to:

Date: 10 May 2018
Country: 

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Unites Communities in War-Torn South Sudan

This article looks at the response of USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) to the current water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) crisis affecting over four million people, both those internally displaced within South Sudan and refugees populations who have fled to neighbouring countries. It looks at how collaborative WASH projects are uniting communities as well as improving health and safety.

WSSCC/AMREF K-SHIP sanitation marketing project in Samia, Busia

Busia County is the only County in Kenya which is Open Defecation Free, having attained this status in 2015. Their journey to Open Defecation Free started with Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in July 2010. During CLTS triggering, the community together Public Health Officers, Community Health Volunteers (CHVs), Community Health Extension Workers (CHEWs) and Natural Leaders addressed the importance of building a latrine. All efforts were then directed to ensure that people build and used toilets.

Date: 20 October 2017
Country: 

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