About approach

Training of Trainers’ Manual on Community-driven Total Sanitation by WSP

This training manual, published by WSP in October 2007, is based on a training curriculum developed by Dr. Kamal Kar, initiator of community-led total sanitation in rural areas. This curriculum has been through extensive field testing and both the curriculum and guidance notes have been refined based on a series of policy discussions, workshops and interactions with national, state and local governments and expert practitioners in South Asia.

Date: 30 January 2009

UNICEF: Community Approaches to Sanitation (CATS)

A global meeting of UNICEF Sanitation Specialists was held in New York in 2008, with the intention of strengthening global programming and guidance in community based sanitation (CBS). The deliberations led to an agreement on the need for greater coherence and consistency in programming across regions; a logical starting point was a common terminology and agreed set of principles upon which such programming would be based. A new terminology for UNICEF’s approach to community based sanitation was developed that describes the various approaches and details the non-negotiable principles that form the basis of their methodology.

Date: 30 January 2009

‘Sceptics and Evangelists’: Insights on Scaling up Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in Southern and Eastern Africa

This paper is based on the reflections of Samuel Musyoki who participated as an observer and co-facilitator at the CLTS training workshop held in Dar-es-Salaam by Plan International between the 11th and 18th February 2007. Samuel Musyoki is a trainer and facilitator in participatory approaches/methods to development who was coordinating a networking and capacity building programme on participatory action research and learning with the Participation Power and Social Change team at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the time of writing, before joining Plan Kenya as Strategic Programme Support).

Date: 17 December 2008

Taking Community-led Total Sanitation to Spread: Movement, Spread and Adaptation

When a practice becomes widespread enough, then it has ‘gone to scale’. But
increasing the intensity and spread of a particular practice is not a linear or obvious

The paper proposes that going to scale is multi-dimensional and complex. It focuses
on Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS): an innovation in participatory methodology, as well as a unique approach to sanitation. The paper describes how CLTS offers important lessons to understand spread which is critical for scaling up in an effective way. The main argument is that spread and adaptation are important aspects of scaling up, which is often neglected in the literature.

Date: 17 December 2008


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