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Annual Report 2011 of the Pan African CLTS Programme 'Empowering self-help sanitation of rural and peri-urban communities and schools in Africa'

The Pan African CLTS Programme ‘Empowering self-help sanitation of rural and peri-urban communities and schools in Africa’ aims to (1) to reduce infant and child morbidity and mortality in 8 African countries and (2) to empower rural and peri-urban communities through the use of CLTS/ School Led Total Sanitation (SLTS) and Urban Community Led Total Sanitation (UCLTS).

Date: 1 November 2012

The Nanded sanitation story

CLTS in cities is relatively new in the Indian context. Prior to Nanded there were only two reported cases of use of CLTS in an urban setting in India- Kalyani near Kolkata and Raigad in Maharashtra. But the Nanded experience is wider than both the earlier initiatives, as this is the first time in India that CLTS has been used on a city wide scale to cover all aspects of sanitation including: open defecation; solid waste management; drainage; water security etc.

Date: 26 March 2012
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Factors Associated with Achieving and Sustaining Open Defecation Free Communities: Learning from East Java

Research conducted in 2010 in East Java to identify factors associated with achieving and sustaining behavior change by communities to become ODF shows that communities achieving ODF status within two months of triggering achieved markedly higher access gains. In addition, evidence from environmental observation, latrine ownership records, reported usage, and observation of facility maintenance show that 95 percent of the quickly ODF communities had sustained their behavior change 4 to 28 months after ODF declaration. Factors associated with quickly ODF communities include high social capital, high-quality CLTS triggering, access to latrine supplies, easy payment terms, absence of external subsidy packages to a few households out of all, and regular monitoring. These quickly ODF communities represent the most efficient model for scaling up sustainably.
Nilanjana Mukherjee (WSP, 2011)

Date: 5 October 2011
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