West and Central Africa

Sustainability of ODF achievements and safely managed sanitation in West and Central Africa

At the recent West and Central Africa Regional Rural Sanitation workshop, organised by the CLTS Knowledge Hub, in Saly, Senegal 25-28 June 2018, sanitation practitioners from 15 countries met to discuss regional and national sanitation challenges, to identify lessons learned and share best practices. Many participants identified the different components of the sustainability of open defecation free (ODF) achievements and links with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), specifically with the ‘safely managed sanitation’ target 6.2, as significant challenges.

Urban sanitation coverage and environmental fecal contamination: Links between the household and public environments of Accra, Ghana

Exposure to faecal contamination in public areas, especially in dense, urban environments, may significantly contribute to gastrointestinal infection risk. This study examined associations between sanitation and faecal contamination in public environments in four low-income neighbourhoods in Accra, Ghana. Soil and open drain samples were tested for E. coli, adenovirus, and norovirus. Sanitation facilities in surveyed households were categorised by onsite faecal sludge containment (“contained” vs. “uncontained”) using previous Joint Monitoring Program infrastructure guidelines.

Date: 26 July 2018
Country: 

Reflections on the West and Central Africa Regional Rural Sanitation Workshop

Flying into Dakar, Senegal, for the start of the four day West and Central Africa Regional Rural Sanitation Workshop, hosted by the CLTS Knowledge Hub, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), I was struck by the arid landscape that we flew over. The vast vista was dominated by dry red soils and parched vegetation; a timely reminder of the water scarcity and food security problems faced by many countries in West and Central Africa (despite an abundance of human and natural resources).

Reduction of stunting by CLTS in Mali: a case study to learn from

Mali is renowned as the location of the one of the few Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programmes that has managed to demonstrate a reduction in stunting from increased community-level sanitation coverage. There is much to learn and share from this programme, especially across the West and Central Africa region where similar sanitation challenges are faced and open defecation rates generally remain high.

(Photo: Children outside school in Koulikoro, Mali)

Community-Level Sanitation Coverage More Strongly Associated with Child Growth and Household Drinking Water Quality than Access to a Private Toilet in Rural Mali

This article is an overview of a study that investigated the effect of community sanitation coverage versus individual household sanitation access on child health and drinking water quality. Using a census of 121 villages in rural Mali, the research team analysed the association of community latrine coverage (defined by a 200 meter radius surrounding a household) and individual household latrine ownership with child growth and household stored water quality.

Date: 11 July 2018
Country: 

Effect of a community-led sanitation intervention on child diarrhoea and child growth in rural Mali: a cluster-randomised controlled trial

This article provides a brief overview of the method and findings from a cluster-randomised trial that was conducted in 2011-2013 in Koulikoro, Mali, to assess a government implemented Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programme’s effect on child health.

Date: 11 July 2018
Country: 

Regional Africa sharing and learning workshops 2018

We have brought together a mix of useful resources produced in connection with the two essential Africa focused CLTS Knowledge Hub workshops we ran this year. Both workshops aimed to highlight common sanitation challenges and share innovations across the region. The first workshop based in Tanzania brought sanitation experts from across East and Southern Africa, the second based in Senegal brought together those from across West and Central Africa.

We are currently in the process of constructing this page - all resources will be avaialble shortly.

WSSCC and UN Women side event 'Sanitation: the challenge of rural women and girls in West and Central Africa'

WSSCC and UN Women will convene a side event on 20 March in New York during the sixty-second session of the Commission on the Status of Women.

The cross-cutting session, entitled Sanitation: the challenge of rural women and girls in West and Central Africa, will highlight the issue of unlocking multiple benefits for rural women and girls through policy and behaviour change in the WASH sector.

Nigeria: Effectiveness and Sustainability of Community-Led Total Sanitation

In Nigeria, diarrheal diseases are the third leading cause of mortality, accounting for over 75,000 deaths of children aged 1-59 months in 2015 (WHO, 2016).  From 2012 to 2016, Action Against Hunger worked with local authorities to trigger 138 communities in Yobe State, Northern Nigeria, using the Community-Led Total Sanitation methodology. The objective of this approach is to empower the community to realise the negative impacts of open defecation on health and well-being, and thus mobilise itself to eliminate open defecation and improve sanitation with limited external intervention.

Date: 1 March 2018
Country: 

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