South Asia

Key resource: Regional South Asia Rapid Action Learning (RAL) Workshop Report: Sustainable Sanitation and Leaving No One Behind

In 2017, 21 per cent of South Asia’s population practiced open defecation and only 57 per cent of households had a basic handwashing facility (UNICEF and WHO, 2019). Though vast progress has been made since 2017, those with a safely managed sanitation and basic handwashing facilities remains low while open defecation is still a huge challenge.

Date: 9 January 2020

Key resource: More or less: A rapid review of ‘water for toilets’ in rural India

Toilet construction is critical to ending open defecation, however most toilets built under Swachh Bharat Mission- Gramin (SBM-G) (clean India mission - rural) are water intensive. In the absence of piped water supply, rural households often rely on alternative sources of water or turn to open defecation (OD) or partial use. In such a scenario, water usage for cooking, drinking and washing takes precedence and using water for toilets becomes the last priority.

Date: 21 November 2019
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Key resource: Retrofitting: The Next Step for the Swachh Bharat Mission?

Retrofitting of toilets is a complex and challenging stream of work and is included as one of the main components of Open Defecation Free-Sustainability (ODF-S) plans under Swachh Bharat Mission- Gramin (SBM-G) (clean India mission - rural). However, minimal data is available about the number of toilets that need to be retrofitted. Furthermore, the typologies of retrofitting needs are largely unclear. Few surveys have been carried out to date, and those that do exist provide conflicting or incomplete data.     

Date: 21 November 2019
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Key resource: Convening and Facilitating Rapid Action Learning Workshops for the Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G)

These guidance notes intend to inform and support all who seek to sponsor, convene, facilitate and report on Rapid Action Learning (RAL) workshops anywhere in India and to contribute to the quality, sustainability and timely implementation of the national Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G) campaign (this translates to clean India mission).

Date: 13 July 2018
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Key resource: Campaigns for Collectors: Practical Actions for Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G) Campaigns

This ‘Living Sourcebook’ is permanently a work in progress - it incorporates lessons, innovations and good practices contributing to the effective and sustainable implementation of the national Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G) campaign (clean India mission). It draws on experiences from District Collectors and many others, Government and non-Government actors including Natural Leaders.  These contributions have been captured at Rapid Action Learning (RAL) workshops across India from 2013–18 so far.

Date: 13 July 2018
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Key resource: CLTS Sharing and Learning Workshop, SACOSAN VII – Islamabad Pakistan

On April 10th 2018 the Institute of Development Studies, UNICEF and WSSCC co-convened a half-day Sharing and Learning Workshop in Islamabad, Pakistan, ahead of the 7th South Asian Conference on Sanitation. Over 50 participants from across region including those working in Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka as well as international agencies participated. This report contains key points from the lively discussions, together with research, innovations and recommendations for the SACOSAN Declaration.

Date: 10 May 2018

Key resource: Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) Immersive Research

Praxis, the CLTS Knowledge Hub at the Institute of Development Studies and WaterAid undertook an immersive research project to learn from the experiences of districts that had been declared open defecation free. The researchers spent three nights and up to four days in each of a total of eight villages in Madhya Pradesh (3), Uttar Pradesh (2) and Rajasthan (3), in districts which had been declared open defecation free (ODF).They stayed with families without a specific agenda learning open-endedly from lived experience, observation and conversations.

Date: 12 October 2017
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Key resource: Timely, Relevant and Actionable Reports for SBM

The momentum and scale of the Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin (SBM-G) is unprecedented. The speed of implementation means that the identification of gaps and finding answers to these in ways that provide practical ideas for policy and practice can have exceptionally widespread impact provided they can be timely, relevant and actionable. The trade-offs between timeliness and the time required for conventional academic rigour are vast. Fortunately, a range of innovations and approaches have recently been developed and applied in India for timely and practical learning on sanitation.

Date: 11 October 2017
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Video: Robert Chambers on Rapid Action Learning in India

In this WASH Talks video Robert Chambers talks about the use of Rapid Action Learning (RAL) workshops, immersive research and participatory mapping methodologies in India with the purpose of checking what is actually happening on the ground, and learning from this, in relation to the national Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) (SBM-G) (clean India mission).

Date: 11 September 2019
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Urban WASH programming in Megacities: Supporting Low Income Communities of Dhaka, Bangladesh

UNICEF Field Note Urban WASH in Megacities

This Field Note forms part of UNICEF’s efforts to document its urban WASH programme experience and expertise, to inform the development of a global urban WASH framework and support the Global WASH Strategy. It focuses on a specific context in urban WASH programming: Low Income Communities (LICs) in megacities. It documents UNICEF’s experiences in provision of WASH services to LICs of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

Date: 16 April 2019
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