East Asia and Pacific

Instituting equity and inclusion in market-based approaches: reaching the poor and disabled in sanitation

This paper describes iDE's approach to mainstreaming equity and inclusion within its market-based approach from the beginning of a programme and not as an afterthought. The paper focuses on two separate strategies aimed at increasing access and equity among different groups. The first is the use of financial tools to increase access for very poor consumers in Bangladesh and Cambodia. The second part of the paper focuses on iDE's user-centred design approach and experimentation with new construction technologies in constructing a latrine shelter for disabled users.

Date: 6 April 2017
Country: 

Supporting the poor to access sanitation in Bokeo Province, Laos

Internationally, there has been debate over the last decade about effective ways to increase access to sanitation as a basic human right and essential service to support public health. Within Laos, a similar debate is underway, with a history of provision of hardware subsidies through public or non-governmental organisation funding, and more recently a shift towards demand-driven approaches to motivate household investment and market support to enable more efficient, affordable supply of sanitation products.

Date: 4 April 2017
Country: 
Lao

Papua New Guinea Rural WaSH Sustainability Study

The World Bank Group’s Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) provides technical assistance to support the development of government institutions and capacity building, sector policies and strategies in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) sector in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Following a Water and Sanitation Service Deliver Assessment that identified serious bottlenecks and a lack of clarity around the roles and responsibilities in the PNG WaSH sector, WSP supported the rural WaSH Policy Task Force to develop a National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Policy which was approved in January 2015.

Date: 30 January 2017
Country: 

Thinking Beyond the Finish Line: Sustainable Sanitation Services for All

From the 14th to 17th March 2017. A regional face-to-face learning event ‘Thinking beyond the Finish Line: Sustainable Sanitation Services for All’ was held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, as part of SNV’s Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) Programme.  The specific objectives of the event were to

 

Date: 11 January 2017

Disease externalities and net nutrition: Evidence from changes in sanitation and child height in Cambodia, 2005–2010

Child height is an important indicator of human capital and human development, in large part because early life health and net nutrition shape both child height and adult economic productivity and health. Between 2005 and 2010, the average height of children under 5 in Cambodia significantly increased. What contributed to this improvement? Recent evidence suggests that exposure to poor sanitation - and specifically to widespread open defecation - can pose a critical threat to child growth. We closely analyze the sanitation height gradient in Cambodia in these two years.

Date: 13 December 2016
Country: 

Understanding Determinants of Access to Hygienic Latrines for Rural Households in Vietnam

During 2014 and 2015, three research studies were carried out to examine the drivers and barriers to latrine adoption and the availability of desirable, affordable latrines in rural areas of Vietnam. The findings were used to develop integrated behavior change communication (BCC) and sanitation supply chain strengthening programs in Hoa Binh Province and the Mekong Delta region.

This WSP Learning Note shares insights and lessons.

Date: 20 October 2016
Country: 

CLTS in the Solomon Islands – the word is spreading…

The Solomon Islands has a reputation for being laid back and the smiling, barefooted airlines hostess that greets me at the grassy strip formerly known as Fera Airport, in Isabel Province, portrays this in typical fashion.  Coconut palms sway in the gentle breeze and as the 10 seater plane slides back down the muddy island runway, the hostess laughs guiltily from our transit boat, telling me that the plane came and went ahead of schedule, leaving passengers on the two boats heading our way stranded.  Nobody seems too phased.

ODF Sustainability Study in East Timor

In a bid to assess the extent to which CLTS programs have generated sustained sanitation and hygiene behaviour change in Timor Leste (TL), WaterAid, the AusAid Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program (BESIK), United Nations Children's Emergency Fund United Nations (UNICEF), and Plan International conducted a joint study into three districts (Aileu, Ermera and Liquica), between December 2015 and April 2016.
Date: 22 September 2016

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