East and Southern Africa

Shocking imagery and cultural sensitivity: a CLTS case study from Madagascar

Approaches addressing widespread open defecation practices in southeast Madagascar must navigate strongly held cultural values, traditions and taboos. In the urban commune of Fort Dauphin, this has resulted in SEED Madagascar’s adoption of a ‘hybrid’ approach to CLTS through Project Malio, a three-year urban sanitation project which seeks to instigate behaviour change by increasing access to improved sanitation in households and schools.

Date: 20 July 2016
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Plan Netherlands’ experience of using a CLTS approach in urban environments

Plan International’s eight country Pan Africa programme, though predominately focused on rural CLTS, also trialled CLTS tools in peri-urban and urban communities with the hope that country specific urban total sanitation models would be developed. Jamie Myers, Research Officer for the CLTS Knowledge Hub which was a partner in the Pan African CLTS programme, conducted rapid action orientated research on the peri-urban and urban activities across four countries – Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia.

Date: 20 July 2016

Sanergy welcomes Kenya’s new sanitation policy

At the end of May, the Kenyan Ministry of Health launched the Kenya Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy, 2016‑2030. The policy was the result of two years of collective efforts by various stakeholders in Kenya’s public and private sectors on the promotion of environmental sanitation and health. In this article, Sanergy welcomes the policy and summarises its four priority areas.

Determinants of Usage of Communal Sanitation Facilities in Informal Settlements of Kisumu, Kenya

This paper draws on SHARE PhD Student Sheillah Simiyu's research into urban sanitation in Kenya. Communal sanitation facilities in space-stricken informal settlements have often been deemed the most feasible solution for increasing access to and use of sanitation facilities in these settings. However, to date little is known about their use and effectiveness, particularly in Africa’s informal settlements. This study used quantitative and qualitative methods to assess the determinants of use of communal sanitation facilities in the informal settlements of Kisumu.

Date: 16 March 2016
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Sanitation Supply Chain Study in Kasama, Mungwi, Luwingu and Mporokos

SNV Zambia commissioned the Sanitation Supply Chain Study under its Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) programme funded by the Department for International Development (DFID). The SSH4A programme is being implemented in Luwingu, Kasama, Mungwi and Mporokoso Districts of Northern Province in Zambia. The study was undertaken by PathMark Rural Development Consult who collected field data in the four project districts from 10 – 28th November 2014.

Date: 1 February 2016
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Bum deal: is access to a toilet a human right or a privilege?

Adequate sanitation is a human right, recognised by the UN. But for the 2.4 billion people with nowhere to go safely, how does that right become a reality? Kenya and Uganda have different approaches yet, despite political commitment in both countries, they are some way off the goal of ensuring sanitation for all.

How Time Flies: Project Malio approaches its halfway point!

Azafady UK’s three-year sanitation and hygiene initiative, Project Malio, has recently reached its halfway point promoting sustained behavior change and latrine use in the coastal town of Fort Dauphin, southeast Madagascar. Using an adapted version of the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) methodology, Project Malio aims to eliminate – or at the very least significantly reduce – open defecation in Fort Dauphin by working with households, schools, communities and local government.

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