East and Southern Africa

CLTS Monitoring and Evaluation Toolkit and Manual (Botswana)

The CLTS process in Botswana has reached a point in its implementation through USAID's SAREP Programme (South Africa Region Environmental Programme) that it is now possible to introduce monitoring, evaluation (M&E) and ODF verification and Certification processes into the training. This toolkit and manual contains all forms and materials that are need for a CLTS monitoring team to be established in communities. It is aimed at CLTS facilitators and Natural Leaders who wish to take the next step in ensuring their community becomes Open Defecation Free (ODF).

Date: 23 September 2016
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SAREP Botswana CLTS Summary Report

USAID's SAREP (Southern Africa Regional Environment Programme) has been operating a Community Led Total Sanitation Program in Botswana since 2012, having started in Shakawe with a CLTS Facilitator training for members of the community.

This document gives  a summary of activities, outcomes and learning as well as recommendations for the way forward.

Date: 23 September 2016
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Final evaluation of Plan's Pan Africa Programme

Between 2010 and 2016, Plan Netherlands implemented a CLTS programme in 8 countries in Africa: Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Ghana, Sierra Leone and Niger. This programme, although entitled ‘Empowering self-help sanitation of rural and peri-urban communities and schools in Africa’ soon became known as the Pan Africa Programme.

Date: 23 September 2016

National Guidelines for urban CLTS in Tanzania

These guidelines developed by the Environmental Health and Sanitation Section of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children, in collaboration with stakeholders of sanitation and hygiene,are meant to to assist urban Local Authorities to conduct CLTS facilitation sessions uniformly without compromising its fundamental principles.
Date: 12 September 2016
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National Guidelines for verification and certification of ODF communities

The Environmental Health and Sanitation Section of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children, n collaboration with stakeholders of sanitation and hygiene, has developed these guidelines to facilitate systematic verification and certification of ODF communities in order to encourage sustainable behaviour change towards sanitation and hygiene at community level.
Date: 12 September 2016
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National Guidelines for rural CLTS in Tanzania

These guidelines developed by the Environmental Health and Sanitation Section of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children, in collaboration with stakeholders of sanitation and hygiene,are meant to provide guidance to stakeholders in the country to effectively and uniformly apply the Community Led Total Sanitation approach in rural areas.
Date: 12 September 2016
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Effect of eliminating open defecation on diarrhoeal morbidity: an ecological study of Nyando and Nambale sub-counties, Kenya

Defecating in the open predisposes people to soil transmitted helminthes and diarrhoeal diseases. An estimated 5.6 million Kenyans defecate in the open. Kenya launched a program to eradicate open defecation by 2013 in the rural areas. By end of 2013, only two sub-counties had eliminated open defecation. These are Nambale and Nyando. The study looked at the impact of eradicating open defecation on diarrhea prevalence among children in these two sub-counties.
Date: 9 September 2016
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Intra-household access to WASH in Uganda and Zambia- do variations exist

This paper explores intra-household variations in access to WASH through analysis of baseline data from the Undoing Inequity project in Zambia and Uganda. The purpose of which is to explore whether differences exist between head of household and 'vulnerable' individuals' (disabled, older or chronically ill persons) reports on access and use of WASH at the household level. The results indicate that water indicators reported by the household head eg use of the same water source, showed high levels of agreement between the head of the household and the 'vulnerable' individual.

Date: 5 September 2016
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Good governance for sustainable WASH Programming: lessons from two USAID-funded projects in Uganda

The USAID/Uganda Strengthening Decentralisation for Sustainability (SDS) Program's WASH component and the Northern Uganda Development of Enhanced Local Governance, Infrastructure and Livelihoods (NUDEILS) Program brough innovative approaches to supplying WASH services and infrastructure through existing Distric Local Governmnet systems in Southwestern and Northern Uganda respectively. The SDS Program's WASH component focused on increasing the flow of resources, both human and financial, into existing District programs.

Date: 5 September 2016
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