Curb open defecation, UNICEF tells India

According to the latest JMP report, India ranks first among the 12 countries which practise open defecation, followed by Indonesia, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Sudan, Nepal, China, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mozambique and Cambodia. Unicef-India’s Water and Sanitation specialist Aidan Cronin stressed the urgent need for India to curb open defecation: “The message of hygiene and sanitation needs more priority, particularly in rural areas. Efforts to curb the habit of open defecation should begin with the common man, as it is a major public health concern.”

60% of world's open defecators in India

Though there has been a considerable improvement in sanitary conditions in India since 1990, the number of people defecating in open (626 million) is still enough to fill one-and-half football stadia every day. According to the recently-released WHO/Unicef Joint Monitoring Programme report, the MDG) target aimed at halving the population by 2015 of those who in 1990 were without access to basic sanitation is unlikely to be met.

The Nanded sanitation story

CLTS in cities is relatively new in the Indian context. Prior to Nanded there were only two reported cases of use of CLTS in an urban setting in India- Kalyani near Kolkata and Raigad in Maharashtra. But the Nanded experience is wider than both the earlier initiatives, as this is the first time in India that CLTS has been used on a city wide scale to cover all aspects of sanitation including: open defecation; solid waste management; drainage; water security etc.

Date: 26 March 2012

Ending open defecation in rural Pakistan

Plan Pakistan with the help of a local partner, Integrated Regional Support Programme (IRSP), and supported by UNICEF is working to change the state of sanitation in Pakistan. CLTS is used to trigger communities but in order to sustain demand, Plan’s local partners remain in contact the communities through community resource persons. Three resource persons conduct follow on hygiene sessions. Additionally, the electronic and print media are utilized in order to ensure communities do not slip back to open defecation and keep on climbing up on sanitation ladder.

Date: 19 January 2012

Azra- empowered to help her community with sanitation and hygiene

Case study from Mardan, NWFP, of a 22 year old woman from a very conservative Pathan background, who initially worked as a volunteer hygiene promoter for Integrated Rural Support Programme (IRSP), trained in CLTS, PRA and other approaches and then felt empowered to mobilise awareness around sanitation and hygiene in her communities.

Date: 19 January 2012

Villagers and students push for toilets in Bokeo during World Toilet Day

On the 19th November, rural communities in Meung, Pha Oudom, and Paktha in Bokeo province, Laos, marked World Toilet Day with sanitation-and-hygiene-promoting activities organized by the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene program of Plan International, Lao PDR Office, with financial support from the Australian government/AusAID.

Date: 25 November 2011


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