CLTS Blog posts


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Comments: 0 urban
6 July 2016

Urban sanitation differs from rural sanitation in many ways however one of the fundamental differences is that in urban areas one group, (usually the wealthy), benefits from the public provision of sanitation at the expense of others  (usually the poor). Poor households in urban areas must often find their own solutions to failures in sanitation services. During a workshop on urban CLTS (U-CLTS) held in Ethiopia and hosted by Plan International, we explored the potential of CLTS to support safely managed, city-wide sanitation.

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Comments: 0 urban
5 July 2016

I am placing below some reflections after attending the urban CLTS workshop in Addis:

1. My objective in attending was to enhance my knowledge of the understanding and practice of the application of CLTS in urban areas, the issues involved and potential ways to move forward. My objective was more than adequately addressed by the range of experiences that I got to hear about.

2. What I have distilled from these three days (both during sessions and conversations at meal times and in coffee sessions) is summarized below under a certain number of headings.

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Comments: 0 urban
27 June 2016

This was the question being considered at a recent IDS CLTS Knowledge Hub event held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, organised with Plan International Ethiopia. This useful and productive learning and sharing event entitled “Using a CLTS Approach and Tools in Peri-Urban and Urban Environments” took place from 13th to 15th June 2016.

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Comments: 0
7 June 2016

Hands of majority of motivators in Fatehgarh Saheb rise to a question – ‘how many of you have taken shit in your hands?’
It is surprising. Hands rise without hesitation, with pride though. One would expect hands rise to holding a sweet in hand, their child in arms, or a precious thing, may be. But shit?
Asked don’t they feel the disgust, they reply in negative. They say that this way, they are able to explain most convincingly the relation between shit, flies and food. A sarpanch (village headman) seconds this – he says people get moved by this the most.

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Comments: 1 Monitoring and sustainability
3 June 2016

Monitoring is always an important part of the development process, especially in CLTS. What are the factors and milestones we discuss when it comes to improving Water, Sanitation and Hygiene? We discuss Open Defecation Free status (ODF). We discuss uptake of handwashing with soap. We also discuss the construction of latrines. All of these factors can be indicators that will point to improved sanitation standards and the potential reduction of diarrheal disease. But how can we monitor and evaluate these indicators in a regular, timely, and accurate way?

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Comments: 0 equity and inclusion, Scaling Up
31 May 2016

The theme for the 2016 WASH Futures Conference was pathways to universal and sustained water, sanitation and hygiene. Over 90 papers, 65 posters and 3 plenaries as well as 18 training workshops; in the opening plenary a few big themes were introduced (repeatability, stories, partnerships, and equity) that echoed through the conference. 

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Comments: 0 campaigns, Policy and advocacy for sanitation, learning
26 April 2016

On a recent visit to a village in central India, we felt as if we had travelled back in time to the days of the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC), when toilets were built as a tick-box exercise. Over a hundred concrete stalls with latrine pans had been built in the settlement. We call them concrete stalls instead of toilets:  few were functional as they had faulty designs and connections to pits. Only one was in use… well, technically two —one as an actual toilet and the other as a storehouse for electric material.

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Comments: 0 campaigns, incentives, Natural Leaders and champions
31 March 2016

The budget announcement of 2016 included this – ‘In order to continue this (Swachh Bharat) momentum, priority allocation from Centrally Sponsored Schemes will be made to reward villages that have become free from open defecation’.

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Comments: 1 behaviour change, Monitoring and sustainability
22 February 2016
The partial usage of toilets is a frontier subject for Community-Led Total Sanitation as well as the broader sanitation sector. Partial usage of toilets both prevents and threatens open defecation free (ODF) status of communities.
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Comments: 1 behaviour change, menstrual hygiene, sanitation marketing, SDGs, financing, Monitoring and sustainability, handwashing
28 January 2016

The first SACOSAN was held in Dhaka in 2003, so the return of SACOSAN VI in 2016 was like a homecoming – at least, that was the opinion of Junaid Ahmed, the World Bank representative (and former regional team leader of WSP South Asia) who chaired the initial session.


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