Policy and advocacy for sanitation

Pakistan must not overlook defecation problem

Uttering the word ‘defecation’ is often considered impolite. People say ‘going to the back’ and ‘folding legs’. Many people also ask where to wash their hands rather than where the toilet is, avoiding the ‘dirty’ word for the sake of politeness. While talking openly about defecation may cause discomfort or embarrassment, it is a topic we all need to discuss.

World Toilet Day 2012: Stories of hope and signs of progress

World Toilet Day logo
The 19th November is World Toilet Day, a day to raise awareness of the global sanitation challenge- one in three people on the planet do not have access to a hygienic toilet - and of how much there still is to do to ensure that approximately 2.5 billion of people around the globe gain access to improved sanitation. It's a day to break the silence and taboos around toilets and all things shit. But also a day to celebrate the good work that is being done and what has been achieved already. So we asked people around the world to tell us what experience, activity or event in the last year signals to them that progress is being made in the area of sanitation?
Date: 15 November 2012

Indonesia is 3rd lowest ranked ASEAN country in terms of sanitation quality

Indonesia is the third-lowest ranking ASEAN country in terms of sanitation quality, according to Public Works Minister Djoko Kirmanto.“We’re obviously not in the worst position, but that’s where we are. Just look at UNICEF’s data from 2011, which reported that 26 percent of Indonesian citizens are still defecating in open spaces,” Djoko said on Monday at a sanitation conference in Jakarta, as quoted by Antara news agency.

Improving Water, Sanitation, and Health: Itarchi Hakimabad, Afghanistan

The USAID-funded Sustainable Water Supply and Sanitation Project, Afghanistan (SWSS) project increases access to potable water and sanitation services in Afghan communities and decreases the prevalence of water borne diseases through household hygiene interventions. Led by the Association for Rural Development, in partnership with Management Sciences for Health, SWSS has led nearly 400 communities in Afghanistan to become Open Defecation Free.

Warrap calls for public health education to combat preventable diseases

Health experts and government authorities in South Sudan’s Warrap State have called for increased efforts and new innovative approaches to combat high maternal and infant mortality rates through the promotion of preventative care. According to a report by the United Nation Children’s fund (UNICEF), an estimated 6 million people in South Sudan lacks pit latrines and defecate in the open spaces.

Faecal infections, undernutrition and sanitation

Are infections transmitted through open defecation and poor hygiene more significant causes of sickness, debilitation and undernutrition than is commonly recognised? So far, much attention has been focused on diarrhoea. Relatively neglected have been other faecally-related infections estimated to be widespread such as Ascaris, hookworm, Schistosomiasis and liverfluke. These diseases are often subclinical and less visible, less measurable and measured, not episodic but continuously debilitating, and less treated. All of these infections – diarrhoeas and all the others – can be attacked and in principle eliminated by safe sanitation and hygienic behaviour.

Date: 9 February 2011

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