Houve vários estudos úteis sobre sustentabilidade que destacaram alguns dos diferentes aspectos, bem como as complexidades em questão. Não é claro, porém, quanto do que aprendemos com esses estudos foi incorporado na programação e na prática actual e futura. Com base em pesquisa existente e no nosso próprio entendimento, este número de Fronteiras do CLTS é uma tentativa de fazer uma síntese actualizada de onde nos encontramos no início de 2015.
Monitoring and sustainability
Sustainability of latrines is a key issue in CLTS. Sandy or rocky soils, seasonal flooding and termites can present challenges to communities who have taken sanitation into their own hands as a result of CLTS and are building latrines. The CLTS Handbook identifies the need for participatory design approaches during follow-up sessions with triggered communities. Sanitation marketing programmes have also applied participatory design through engaging users and sanitation suppliers to create innovative sanitation technologies.
Sanitation and Hygiene in Africa: Where do We Stand? (IWA Publishing 2013, eds Piers Cross and Yolande Coombes) takes stock of progress made by African countries through the AfricaSan process since 2008 and the progress needed to meet the MDG on sanitation by 2015 and beyond. This book addresses priorities which have been identified by African countries as the key elements which need to be addressed in order to accelerate progress.
The Lukenya Notes are a collection of experiences and key recommendations from the IDS meeting of CLTS practitioners held in Lukenya, Nairobi in July 2011, immediately after the AfricaSan3 meeting. The aim of the workshop was to focus on the key challenges we all face in taking CLTS to scale. Insights, case studies and options are clustered by themes which emerged from workshop brainstorming.
The CLTS Knowledge Hub hosted a webinar on CLTS and Sustainability on Wednesday 24th June 2015. Speakers included Antoinette Kome, Sue Cavill and Robert Chambers.
Life on the beach – the stunning location of the AfricaSan 4 Dakar conference, in a grand hotel perched on the Senegalese coast, was not enough to distract the participants of the IDS CLTS sharing and learning workshop from their task. As usual, the workshop was held the day before the main AfricaSan conference to profit from the gathering together of so many experienced WASH professionals. The event proved almost too popular – something like 90 participants turned up – making it quite challenging and time-consuming to capture and discuss the diverse views of the large group.
I attended the AfricaSan (Africa Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene) convened by the Government of Senegal and AMCOW in Dakar in May. The conference brought together national government ministers and officials, as well as implementation partners, programme managers and teams, and sanitation and hygiene specialists, to discuss opportunities and challenges for Making Sanitation for All a Reality in Africa by 2030.