The Open Defecation Free (ODF) Malawi 2015 Strategy and National Hand Washing Campaign have been contributing to an increased focus on hand washing with soap (HWWS) in Malawi. Some studies estimate that washing hands with soap can reduce diarrhoeal disease rates by up to 50% and respiratory disease rates by up to 25%. Since Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is the key intervention for sanitation and hygiene promotion in Malawi, it provides an excellent opportunity to facilitate hand washing behaviour change.
Monitoring and sustainability
The Lukenya Notes are a collection of experiences and key recommendations from the IDS meeting of CLTS practitioners held in Lukenya, Nairobi in July 2011, immediately after the AfricaSan3 meeting. The aim of the workshop was to focus on the key challenges we all face in taking CLTS to scale. Insights, case studies and options are clustered by themes which emerged from workshop brainstorming.
Eliminating open defecation is increasingly seen as a key health outcome, with links to reduced stunting, improved educational and positive health outcomes for children. In Sub Saharan Africa, over 35 countries are implementing some form of CLTS, ranging from TATS in Tanzania to CLTSH in Ethiopia. Since the introduction of CLTS in 2005 in the region, rapid scale-up has been achieved with suggested numbers of ODF communities in the range of 30,000 affecting over 15 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa.
From the 9th to the 12th April 2013, IRC hosted a symposium on Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. More than 400 participants from international institutions and NGOs (46%) and from (African) governments (25%), as well as a smaller presence of multilateral agencies, academics and consultants, attended the event. The aim of the symposium was to
CLTS was introduced in Western Equatoria State state in October 2011 through a training facilitated by Plan International and sponsored by UNICEF. A number of organizations send representatives to participate in the training. In October 2012 fourteen villages underwent Open Defecation Free (ODF) verification. These are villages that had been facilitated by one of UNICEF’s partners, Intersos. 10 of the villages had claimed to have attained ODF status and this provided a rationale for conducting the verification.
CLTS continued to gain momentum when the second Open Defecation Free celebration was held in the Republic of South Sudan in Kasia village in Yambio county on 27th November 2012. The colourful event brought together 4 villages which had been declared ODF in October this year.
There was pomp and dance on 1st November 2012, when Adiem village held the first ever Open Defecation Free (ODF) celebration in South Sudan. The occasion was well attended by the local community, the ACTED staff, and the State government officials led by the Minister for Health Hon. Dr. Ang’ui Mayuot.
Report on progress with CLTS in the North Bank Region of The Gambia, with details of ODF celebrations and the latest numbers.