human rights

Impact of social capital, harassment of women and girls, and water and sanitation access on premature birth and low infant birth weight in India

Globally, preterm birth (PTB) and low infant birth weight (LBW) are leading causes of maternal and child morbidity and mortality. Inadequate water and sanitation access (WASH) are risk factors for PTB and LBW in low-income countries. Physical stress from carrying water and psychosocial stress from addressing sanitation needs in the open may be mechanisms underlying these associations. If so, then living in a community with strong social capital should be able to buffer the adverse effects of WASH on birth outcomes.

Date: 12 November 2018
Country: 

Manual cleaning of sewers and septic tanks - policy brief

In December 2013, the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act (“the Act”) was notified by the Central Indian Government. The Act is a Parliamentary law, binding on all states. While an earlier 1993 law prohibited the employment of manual scavengers and construction of dry latrines, the strength of the new Act is that it brings hazardous cleaning of sewers and septic tanks under its ambit.

Date: 12 November 2018
Country: 

Female-friendly public and community toilets: a guide for planners and decision makers

The 'Female-friendly guide', published in October 2018 and written by WaterAid, UNICEF and WSUP, is designed primarily for use by local authorities in towns and cities who are in charge of public and community toilets. It's also useful for national governments, public and private service providers, NGOs, donors and civil society organisations who play a role in delivering these services.

Date: 9 November 2018

Working with Women in Rohingya Refugee Camps to Make Toilets Safer

In the world’s largest camp, Rohingya refugees are now living in sprawling and cramped conditions in makeshift shelters made from bamboo and plastic tarpaulin. Finding suitable space to build toilets and washing facilities has proved extremely challenging. More than a third of women surveyed by Oxfam said they did not feel safe or comfortable going to collect water or using toilets and shower cubicles –many of which lack a roof and a lockable door.

'I hated the stench and filth': India's scavengers escape dirty work

A project in Delhi is retraining people who clean human excrement with their bare hands to find work as housekeepers. The training is the result of Shahdara district magistrate Kumar Mahesh’s determination to end manual scavenging. The project team found it hard to identify manual scavengers in Shahdara as many (most of whom are Dalits) are too ashamed to admit their occupation. But they finally managed to persuade 28 people to enrol for the part-time course where they learn housekeeping skills enabling them to leave the dehumanising work of scavenging behind.

WASH Experiences of Women Living with Disabilities in Cambodia

Cambodia’s access to basic water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) remains low compared to other Southeast Asian countries despite improvements over the last decade. There is limited documentation about the WASH experiences of women with disabilities in Cambodia, for which this publication recommends paying greater attention to the issue.

 

Key messages within this eight-page brief:

Date: 13 September 2018
Country: 

Learning Brief: Sanitation and hygiene for all: a comparative study of approaches to leaving no one behind across five countries

In 2017-2018, the Institute for Sustainable Futures - University of Technology Sydney (ISF-UTS) conducted research on SNV’s experience of striving to reach all through the Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) programme in rural areas across five of the 15 countries in which SSH4A is being implemented: Bhutan, Nepal, Cambodia, Zambia and Tanzania.

Date: 30 August 2018
Country: 

Urban Sanitation Research Initiative 2017-2020: Driving sector change in urban sanitation

The Urban Sanitation Research Initiative is a research programme designed to drive pro-poor sector change in urban sanitation in Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya and globally. It is led by World Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) in collaboration with key in-country partners, and core-funded by UK aid from the UK government to run from 2017–2020.

Date: 26 July 2018
Country: 

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - human rights