Improved sanitation access is extremely low in rural Cambodia. Non-governmental organizations have helped build local supply side latrine markets to promote household latrine purchase and use, but households cite inability to pay as a key barrier to purchase.
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USAID’s Ghana Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (GWASH) Project aimed to improve rural sanitation access through the provision of household latrines to households in targeted communities. In the beginning of the project, GWASH used a “high-subsidy” approach for household latrine provision, providing households with a 60 percent subsidy per latrine. It was in this vein that GWASH aimed to meet its project target of constructing 4,680 household latrines over the course of a four-year period.
This paper describes iDE's approach to mainstreaming equity and inclusion within its market-based approach from the beginning of a programme and not as an afterthought. The paper focuses on two separate strategies aimed at increasing access and equity among different groups. The first is the use of financial tools to increase access for very poor consumers in Bangladesh and Cambodia. The second part of the paper focuses on iDE's user-centred design approach and experimentation with new construction technologies in constructing a latrine shelter for disabled users.
Approach to Blended Finance: The provision of an output-based aid (OBA) subsidy to microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Bangladesh is used to help MFIs develop sanitation products and extend their reach to poorer households.
Many non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations, as well as bilateral and multilateral donors, recognize the importance of closely working with governments in sanitation and hygiene programmes. Collective behaviour change approaches, such as Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), are also increasingly being embraced by governments as an alternative to traditional subsidy and enforcement-based approaches.
De nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales et intergouvernementales, ainsi que des donateurs bilatéraux et multilatéraux, reconnaissent l’importance de travailler en étroite collaboration avec les gouvernements dans le cadre des programmes d’assainissement et d’hygiène. Des approches collectives en matière de changement de comportement, telles que l’ATPC, sont de plus en plus adoptées par les gouvernements comme une alternative aux démarches traditionnelles axées sur les subventions et la répression.
WSSCC works closely with highly respected professionals in the water, sanitation and hygiene arena who are nominated by their peers and appointed by the Executive Director to be volunteer experts, known as national coordinators. The 16 national coordinators work in priority countries in Africa and Asia and are an important and distinguishing feature of WSSCC. This report is focused on the WSSCC national coordinators, the vital work they lead at country level and their considerable ongoing impact.
This study examines and analyses behaviours and practices for the management of menstrual hygiene and their impact on the living conditions of sedentary and nomadic women and girls in Niger. The study was carried out in the regions of Maradi, Zinder, Tahoua and Tillabéri under the Joint Programme on Gender, Hygiene and Sanitation in West and Central Africa and implemented by WSSCC and UN Women. The findings of the study reveal various shortcomings, especially in rural areas and, more specifically, among nomadic populations.
La présente étude sur la gestion de l’hygiène menstruelle (GHM) examine et analyse les comportements et les pratiques en matière de gestion de l’hygiène menstruelle et leur impact sur les conditions de vie des femmes et des filles sédentaires et nomades au Niger. L’étude été réalisée dans quatre régions du Niger: Maradi, Zinder, Tahoua, et Tillabéri. Elle s’inscrit dans le cadre du programme conjoint du Conseil de concertation pour l’approvisionnement en eau et l’assainissement WSSCC et d’ONU Femmes « Genre, Hygiène et Assainissement » mené en Afrique de l’ouest et du centre.
Internationally, there has been debate over the last decade about effective ways to increase access to sanitation as a basic human right and essential service to support public health. Within Laos, a similar debate is underway, with a history of provision of hardware subsidies through public or non-governmental organisation funding, and more recently a shift towards demand-driven approaches to motivate household investment and market support to enable more efficient, affordable supply of sanitation products.