Research

Effectiveness of a rural sanitation programme on diarrhoea, soil-transmitted helminth infection, and child malnutrition in Odisha, India: a cluster-randomised trial

This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of a rural sanitation intervention, within the context of the Government of India’s Total Sanitation Campaign, to prevent diarrhoea, soil-transmitted helminth infection, and child malnutrition. It is based on a cluster-randomised controlled trial between May 20, 2010, and December 22, 2013, in 100 rural villages in Odisha, India.
Date: 14 October 2014
Country: 

What Influences Open Defecation and Latrine Ownership in Rural Households?: Findings from a Global Review

The purpose of the review was to identify commonalities and differences across countries, and to determine factors that affect sanitation behaviors, positively or negatively. Three specific sanitation behaviors are covered in the review: open defecation, acquisition of toilets, and improvement of latrines.
Date: 10 October 2014

Environmental Enteric Dysfunction – an Overview

This technical brief by the CMAM (Collaborating to improve the management of acute malnutrition worldwide) Forum provides an up-to-date and accessible overview of this condition, including impact on health and nutrition, diagnosis, epidemiology,possible aetiology and approaches to treatment.  It considers how our present knowledge of this condition should affect our practice today, and highlights current research, future priorities and further reading.  It is aimed at stakeholders involved and interested in the reduction of childhood undernutrition, especially those addressing child health

Date: 2 October 2014

Assessment report on the application of Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) for Mong community in Dien Bien Province, Vietnam

Research report from a study undertaken in three communes in Dien Bien Province where Mong people live. CLTS has been implemented in these communities since July 2009, including Sa Long commune (Muong Cha district), Xa Dung commune (East Dien Bien district), Na Tau commune (Dien Bien district).  The research on the application of CLTS for Mong community in Dien Bien province aimed to
1. assess the results of CLTS implementation with a focus on knowledge, attitude and practice of Mong people at 3 communes where CLTS was applied,

Date: 29 August 2014
Country: 

Étude sure la durabilité du statut FDAL (Plan)

Plan Sustainability study cover

Entre Mars 2012 et Octobre 2013, Plan International a mené des recherches sur la durabilité ODF dans leurs programmes en Afrique. Cette étude, réalisée pour le compte de régime par FH Designs, a été menée en Ethiopie, au Kenya, en Sierra Leone et en Ouganda.

L'étude a examiné les résultats des programmes ATPC exploités par Plan dans les quatre pays. Les données ont été recueillies en 4960 ménages dans 116 villages où l'ATPC a été déclenché et les communautés déclaré ODF deux ans ou plus avant l'étude a commencé. L'étude visait à répondre à trois questions:

Date: 13 August 2014

Poor sanitation in India may affecr well-fed children with malnutrition

In India, a long economic boom has done little to reduce the vast number of cases of malnutrition and stunting in children, leaving them with mental and physical deficits that affect them for the rest of their lives. An emerging body of scientific studies suggest that many of the 162 million children under the age of 5 in the world who are malnourished are suffering less a lack of food than poor sanitation.

SQUAT Research Brief No. 1: Ending open defecation requires changing minds

The SQUAT survey was a survey of Sanitation Quality, Use, Access and Trends in rural north India. From December 2013 to April 2014 over 3,200 rural households were asked about their sanitation behaviour and beliefs. Over 300 villages in 13 districts of Bihar, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh were visited by the researchers and data was collected on the defecation behaviour of 22,787 people.
Date: 8 July 2014
Country: 

Hygiene and health: systematic review of handwashing practices worldwide and update of health effects

The purpose of this article was to obtain key inputs for the development of the first regional and global estimates of handwashing with soap following faecal exposure, in
view of updating the estimates of the burden of disease for the impact of this behaviour on diarrhoeal disease. The authors systematically reviewed the prevalence of the relevant hand dhygiene practices worldwide and updated the evidence linking hand hygiene practices to the prevention of diarrhoea. In both cases, they present adjusted estimates

Date: 12 June 2014

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