Access to improved sanitation can increase cognition in children, according to a new World Bank study. The study contributes to a growing body of research linking stunting and open defecation. Currently, more than 2.5 billion people worldwide lack access to toilets, and one billion people practice open defecation.
The aim of this research project by Patrick A. Sijenyi was to investigate whether Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) as implemented in Eritrea could accelerate sustainable progress towards achieving the MDG sanitation target.
A review of the status of community-led sanitation implementation in East Asia and Pacific. Commissioned by UNICEF, Plan, WaterAid and WSP, this report has been produced based on experiences and lessons on the implementation of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) from Cambodia, China, DPR Korea, Indonesia, Kiribati, Lao PDR, Mongolia, Myanmar,Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Vanuatu, and Viet Nam.
This WASH evidence paper aims to provide an accessible guide to existing evidence including a conceptual framework for understanding how WASH impacts on health and well-being and a description of methods used for ascertaining the health, economic and social impacts of WASH. The paper was commissioned by the DFID Water and Sanitation (WASH) and Research and Evidence Division (RED) teams and undertaken by the DFID-funded Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity (SHARE) research programme consortium.
Eliminating open defecation is increasingly seen as a key health outcome, with links to reduced stunting, improved educational and positive health outcomes for children. In Sub Saharan Africa, over 35 countries are implementing some form of CLTS, ranging from TATS in Tanzania to CLTSH in Ethiopia. Since the introduction of CLTS in 2005 in the region, rapid scale-up has been achieved with suggested numbers of ODF communities in the range of 30,000 affecting over 15 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Lancet Series on Childhood Pneumonia and Diarrhoea, led by Aga Khan University, Pakistan, provides evidence for integrated control efforts for childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea. The first paper assesses the global burden of these two illnesses, comparing and contrasting them, and includes new estimates of severe disease and updated mortality estimates for 2011. Findings from the second paper show that a set of highly cost-effective interventions can prevent most diarrhoea deaths and nearly two thirds of pneumonia deaths by 2025, if delivered at scale.