Research

Sanitation in Bangladesh: Revolution, Evolution, and New Challenges

Bangladesh is a hub of sanitation experimentation and model-building. It is internationally recognised as the place where Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) first succeeded in eliminating open defecation (OD) from whole villages. This and other achievements rest on a broad foundation. After briefly reviewing the history of sanitation promotion in rural Bangladesh, this paper summarises the most urgent issues and challenges related to sustaining the country’s achievements in 2015.

Date: 2 June 2016
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Determinants of Usage of Communal Sanitation Facilities in Informal Settlements of Kisumu, Kenya

This paper draws on SHARE PhD Student Sheillah Simiyu's research into urban sanitation in Kenya. Communal sanitation facilities in space-stricken informal settlements have often been deemed the most feasible solution for increasing access to and use of sanitation facilities in these settings. However, to date little is known about their use and effectiveness, particularly in Africa’s informal settlements. This study used quantitative and qualitative methods to assess the determinants of use of communal sanitation facilities in the informal settlements of Kisumu.

Date: 16 March 2016
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Sanitation Supply Chain Study in Kasama, Mungwi, Luwingu and Mporokos

SNV Zambia commissioned the Sanitation Supply Chain Study under its Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) programme funded by the Department for International Development (DFID). The SSH4A programme is being implemented in Luwingu, Kasama, Mungwi and Mporokoso Districts of Northern Province in Zambia. The study was undertaken by PathMark Rural Development Consult who collected field data in the four project districts from 10 – 28th November 2014.

Date: 1 February 2016
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CLTS implementation, process and impact: a research study from Pakistan

This research study was carried out in 4 districts where IRSP with support of Citizen Engagement for Social Services Delivery (CESSD) implemented a CLTS project in 2014, namely, Abbottabad, Chitral, Mansehra and Nowshehra. The study sought to determine the existing low latrines uses, practices, availability, OD trends and culture in communities and openness to latrine use. This study also desired to identify gaps in CLTS and latrine provision interventions in KP and identify lesson learnt and best practices from donor organizations and WASH Programs perspectives.

Date: 19 January 2016
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