Research

Key resource: Suivi, vérification et certification de l’ATPC : progrès et durabilité

Le suivi, la vérification et la certification sont essentiels pour garantir le succès et la durabilité des efforts en matière d’Assainissement total piloté par la communauté (ATPC). Le suivi évalue et documente les progrès accomplis vers l’obtention du statut de fin de défécation à l’air libre (FDAL) et sa durabilité. La vérification et la certification confèrent un objectif aux communautés et aident les agences de mise en oeuvre et les pouvoirs publics à veiller à la cohérence et la fiabilité des résultats souhaités.

Date: 2 March 2017

Key resource: Un assainissement durable pour tous: expériences, défis et innovations

Ce livre s’attache à décrire la mosaïque de paysages de durabilité de l’ATPC et de l’assainissement en faisant référence aux Objectifs de développement durable (ODD) et en prenant des exemples tirés d’Afrique et d’Asie ; il capture une myriade d’expériences et d’innovations issues d’un large éventail d’institutions et d’acteurs au sein du secteur de l’EAH et il s’efforce de formuler des recommandations et des suggestions pratiques en matière de politiques et de pratiques à l’intention des bailleurs de fonds, des décideurs, des pouvoirs publics et des praticiens.

Date: 20 February 2017

Key resource: The Addis Agreement: Using CLTS in urban and peri-urban areas

In June 2016, the CLTS Knowledge Hub convened a workshop on 'Using a CLTS approach in peri-urban and urban environments’ in Addis Ababa. The discussions and shared experiences from the workshop are captured in the Addis Agreement which contains important stages of an urban CLTS process. Each stage is explained, examples provided and advice given. The intention is not a guidebook but a set of ideas and considerations for those interested in embarking on a similar approach.
Date: 8 August 2016

Handwashing in 51 Countries: Analysis of Proxy Measures of Handwashing Behavior

In 2009, a common set of questions addressing handwashing behavior was introduced into nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), providing large amounts of comparable data from numerous countries worldwide. The objective of this analysis is to describe global handwashing patterns using two proxy indicators for handwashing behavior from 51 DHS and MICS surveys conducted in 2010–2013: availability of soap anywhere in the dwelling and access to a handwashing place with soap and water.

Date: 27 June 2017

The impact of sanitation on infectious disease and nutritional status: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Sanitation aims to sequester human feces and prevent exposure to fecal pathogens. More than 2.4 billion people worldwide lack access to improved sanitation facilities and almost one billion practice open defecation. This study by Freeman et al undertook systematic reviews and meta-analyses to compile the most recent evidence on the impact of sanitation on diarrhea, soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, trachoma, schistosomiasis, and nutritional status assessed using anthropometry.

Date: 22 June 2017

An individual-level meta-analysis assessing the impact of community-level sanitation access on child stunting, anemia, and diarrhea

A lack of access to sanitation is an important risk factor child health, facilitating fecal-oral transmission of pathogens including soil-transmitted helminthes and various causes of diarrheal disease. This study by David A. Larsen, Thomas Grisham, Erik Slawsky and Lutchmie Narine conducted a meta-analysis of cross-sectional surveys to determine the impact that community-level sanitation access has on child health for children with and without household sanitation access.

Date: 22 June 2017

Menstrual Hygiene Management Impacts Girls’ School Experience in the Bolivian Amazon

The purpose of this study on menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in the Beni department of Bolivia was
to better understand the challenges girls face due to menstruation; describe factors which influence girls’
experiences during menstruation; and present recommendations to create a supportive school environment
for adolescent girls in Bolivia.

Date: 22 May 2017
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