Robert Chambers (March 2009)
This paper draws on SHARE PhD Student Sheillah Simiyu's research into urban sanitation in Kenya. Communal sanitation facilities in space-stricken informal settlements have often been deemed the most feasible solution for increasing access to and use of sanitation facilities in these settings. However, to date little is known about their use and effectiveness, particularly in Africa’s informal settlements. This study used quantitative and qualitative methods to assess the determinants of use of communal sanitation facilities in the informal settlements of Kisumu.
SNV Zambia commissioned the Sanitation Supply Chain Study under its Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) programme funded by the Department for International Development (DFID). The SSH4A programme is being implemented in Luwingu, Kasama, Mungwi and Mporokoso Districts of Northern Province in Zambia. The study was undertaken by PathMark Rural Development Consult who collected field data in the four project districts from 10 – 28th November 2014.
This research study was carried out in 4 districts where IRSP with support of Citizen Engagement for Social Services Delivery (CESSD) implemented a CLTS project in 2014, namely, Abbottabad, Chitral, Mansehra and Nowshehra. The study sought to determine the existing low latrines uses, practices, availability, OD trends and culture in communities and openness to latrine use. This study also desired to identify gaps in CLTS and latrine provision interventions in KP and identify lesson learnt and best practices from donor organizations and WASH Programs perspectives.
Child stunting and anemia are intractable public health problems in developing countries and have profound short- and long-term consequences. The Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial is motivated by the premise that environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) is a major underlying cause of both stunting and anemia, that chronic inflammation is the central characteristic of EED mediating these adverse effects, and that EED is primarily caused by high fecal ingestion due to living in conditions of poor water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH).