Robert Chambers (March 2009)
Research report from a study undertaken in three communes in Dien Bien Province where Mong people live. CLTS has been implemented in these communities since July 2009, including Sa Long commune (Muong Cha district), Xa Dung commune (East Dien Bien district), Na Tau commune (Dien Bien district). The research on the application of CLTS for Mong community in Dien Bien province aimed to
1. assess the results of CLTS implementation with a focus on knowledge, attitude and practice of Mong people at 3 communes where CLTS was applied,
Entre Março de 2012 e Outubro de 2013, Plan International realizou um estudo sobre a sustentabilidade da condição ODF em seus programas na África. Este estudo, efectuado em nome do Plano por FH Designs, realizado na Etiópia, Quênia, Serra Leoa e Uganda.
Entre Mars 2012 et Octobre 2013, Plan International a mené des recherches sur la durabilité ODF dans leurs programmes en Afrique. Cette étude, réalisée pour le compte de régime par FH Designs, a été menée en Ethiopie, au Kenya, en Sierra Leone et en Ouganda.
L'étude a examiné les résultats des programmes ATPC exploités par Plan dans les quatre pays. Les données ont été recueillies en 4960 ménages dans 116 villages où l'ATPC a été déclenché et les communautés déclaré ODF deux ans ou plus avant l'étude a commencé. L'étude visait à répondre à trois questions:
In India, a long economic boom has done little to reduce the vast number of cases of malnutrition and stunting in children, leaving them with mental and physical deficits that affect them for the rest of their lives. An emerging body of scientific studies suggest that many of the 162 million children under the age of 5 in the world who are malnourished are suffering less a lack of food than poor sanitation.
The purpose of this article was to obtain key inputs for the development of the first regional and global estimates of handwashing with soap following faecal exposure, in
view of updating the estimates of the burden of disease for the impact of this behaviour on diarrhoeal disease. The authors systematically reviewed the prevalence of the relevant hand dhygiene practices worldwide and updated the evidence linking hand hygiene practices to the prevention of diarrhoea. In both cases, they present adjusted estimates
The results of this analysis confirm the importance of improving water and sanitation in low- and middle-income settings for the prevention of diarrhoeal disease burden. The article also highlights the need for better data on exposure and risk reductions that can be achieved with provision of reliable piped water, community sewage with treatment and hand hygiene.
Divisions between communities, disciplinary and practice, impede understanding of how complex interventions in health and other sectors actually work and slow the development and spread of more effective ones. This hypothesis was tested by re-reviewing a Cochrane-standard systematic review (SR) of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions’ impact on child diarrhoea morbidity: can greater understanding of impacts and how they are achieved be gained when the same papers are reviewed jointly from health and development perspectives?