Key resource: Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) Immersive Research

Praxis, the CLTS Knowledge Hub at the Institute of Development Studies and WaterAid undertook an immersive research project to learn from the experiences of districts that had been declared open defecation free. The researchers spent three nights and up to four days in each of a total of eight villages in Madhya Pradesh (3), Uttar Pradesh (2) and Rajasthan (3), in districts which had been declared open defecation free (ODF).They stayed with families without a specific agenda learning open-endedly from lived experience, observation and conversations.

Date: 12 October 2017

Key resource: Timely, Relevant and Actionable Reports for SBM

The momentum and scale of the Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin (SBM-G) is unprecedented. The speed of implementation means that the identification of gaps and finding answers to these in ways that provide practical ideas for policy and practice can have exceptionally widespread impact provided they can be timely, relevant and actionable. The trade-offs between timeliness and the time required for conventional academic rigour are vast. Fortunately, a range of innovations and approaches have recently been developed and applied in India for timely and practical learning on sanitation.

Date: 11 October 2017

Key resource: Supporting the least able throughout and beyond CLTS

Since its conception in 1999, Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) has spread to over 60 countries and resulted in millions of people across the world living in open defecation free (ODF) communities. The approach was a departure from subsidy-driven sanitation programming which often led to uneven adoption and only partial use. CLTS enabled communities to own the process and collectively work towards becoming ODF. However, since its implementation at scale a number of challenges have appeared.

Date: 22 June 2017

Key resource: Suivi, vérification et certification de l’ATPC : progrès et durabilité

Le suivi, la vérification et la certification sont essentiels pour garantir le succès et la durabilité des efforts en matière d’Assainissement total piloté par la communauté (ATPC). Le suivi évalue et documente les progrès accomplis vers l’obtention du statut de fin de défécation à l’air libre (FDAL) et sa durabilité. La vérification et la certification confèrent un objectif aux communautés et aident les agences de mise en oeuvre et les pouvoirs publics à veiller à la cohérence et la fiabilité des résultats souhaités.

Date: 2 March 2017

Key resource: Un assainissement durable pour tous: expériences, défis et innovations

Ce livre s’attache à décrire la mosaïque de paysages de durabilité de l’ATPC et de l’assainissement en faisant référence aux Objectifs de développement durable (ODD) et en prenant des exemples tirés d’Afrique et d’Asie ; il capture une myriade d’expériences et d’innovations issues d’un large éventail d’institutions et d’acteurs au sein du secteur de l’EAH et il s’efforce de formuler des recommandations et des suggestions pratiques en matière de politiques et de pratiques à l’intention des bailleurs de fonds, des décideurs, des pouvoirs publics et des praticiens.

Date: 20 February 2017

Key resource: The Addis Agreement: Using CLTS in urban and peri-urban areas

In June 2016, the CLTS Knowledge Hub convened a workshop on 'Using a CLTS approach in peri-urban and urban environments’ in Addis Ababa. The discussions and shared experiences from the workshop are captured in the Addis Agreement which contains important stages of an urban CLTS process. Each stage is explained, examples provided and advice given. The intention is not a guidebook but a set of ideas and considerations for those interested in embarking on a similar approach.
Date: 8 August 2016

Promoting handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low-and middle-income countries

This report by 3ie summarises a systematic review by De Buck and colleagues that examines which promotional approaches are effective in changing handwashing and sanitation behaviour and which implementation factors affect the success or failure of such interventions. The study is the first mixed methods systematic review of behaviour change in sanitation and hygiene, drawing on quantitative and qualitative evidence. It shows that CLTS, in comparison with approaches like social marketing and health messaging, is most effective in improving OD behaviour and latrine use.

Date: 28 September 2017


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