O CLTS visa um saneamento total em que ninguém pratique o fecalismo a céu aberto, o que, por si só, tem já potencial para reduzir as vulnerabilidades à violência. As preocupações com segurança, privacidade ou dignidade ao usar instalações sanitárias podem, contudo, fazer com que as instalações não sejam usadas ou que sejam usadas apenas quando está escuro.
Handbooks and manuals
La menstruation est un élément naturel qui fait partie de la vie épanouie des femmes et des jeunes filles ; pourtant, c’est bien souvent un sujet tabou, dont il est très difficile de parler et qui peut engendrer un sentiment d’embarras et de honte. Parce qu’elles ont leur règles, il peut arriver que les jeunes filles soient déconcentrées en classe ou manquent l’école. La menstruation est un élément essentiel de l’assainissement et l’hygiène qui affecte la moitié de la population mondiale pendant une grande partie de leur vie.
The partial or total non-use of toilets, with some or all in a household defecating in the open, is a growing concern. Although all households may have a toilet, communities cannot remain open defecation free unless they are always used by everyone. This is not just an issue of maintenance and accessibility but also of social norms, mind-sets, and cultural preferences. The problem is widespread but most evident in India. This issue of Frontiers of CLTS asks how serious the problem is, why it occurs, what can be done about it, and what more needs to be known.
Menstruation is a natural and healthy part of the life of women and girls, but is often a taboo subject, not easily talked about, which can lead to feelings of embarrassment and shame. It can also lead to girls losing attention at school or missing days from school. Menstruation is a core element of sanitation and hygiene which affects half of the world’s population for a large proportion of their lives.
CLTS aims at total sanitation. For that it has to be inclusive. There are ethical reasons for this, but the bottom line is that while any open defecation continues, all are affected.
Although the lack of access to appropriate sanitation, hygiene and water services is not the root cause of violence, it can lead to increased vulnerabilities to violence of varying forms, with incidences reported from a wide range of contexts.
Handwashing is a vital part of good sanitation and hygiene. When Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and its aim of ODF (open defecation free) communities are fully understood and put into practice it is clear that handwashing is implicit in the approach. Without addressing handwashing and other hygiene practices, communities can never become fully ODF since CLTS aims to cut all faecal-oral contamination routes. However, in practice, the degree to which handwashing is integrated into triggering and follow up, depends on the quality of facilitation.