Sustainability of latrines is a key issue in CLTS. Sandy or rocky soils, seasonal flooding and termites can present challenges to communities who have taken sanitation into their own hands as a result of CLTS and are building latrines. The CLTS Handbook identifies the need for participatory design approaches during follow-up sessions with triggered communities. Sanitation marketing programmes have also applied participatory design through engaging users and sanitation suppliers to create innovative sanitation technologies.
Handbooks and manuals
This basic ‘how-to’ guide aims to help frontline staff and field facilitators to understand the philosophy and principles of CLTS, and to use some of the practical tools and techniques flexibly and freely. "
Kamal Kar (2005). IDS
The District Manual for Managing CLTS in Small Towns is a guide for district managers and other stakeholders in planning and developing CLTS programs in small towns.
It was developed by the Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA) the Environmental Health and Sanitation Division of the Ministry of Health and the Norther Region Small Towns Water and Sanitation Project (NORST). the NORST project is funded by the Canadian International Development Agency.
The Facilitator’s Manual for Small Towns CLTS Field Work is a guide for field workers who are promoting sanitation improvements at community and household levels, using the CLTS approach applied to the small towns context.
The manual is based on information drawn from:
a) Final Report – “Community Led Total Sanitation in Small Towns: A Pilot Project in the Northern Region of Ghana” (Cowater International)