Handbooks and manuals

Key resource: Frontiers of CLTS Issue 5: Making Sanitation and Hygiene Safer- Reducing Vulnerabilities to Violence

This issue of Frontiers of CLTS focuses on the issue of safety and vulnerabilities to violence that women, girls and sometimes boys and men can face which are related to sanitation and hygiene. It points out areas in which CLTS methodologies, if not used skilfully with awareness and care, can run the potential risk of creating additional vulnerabilities, for example as a by-product of community pressure to reach ODF. It also looks at good practices within organisations to ensure that those working in the sector know how to programme to reduce vulnerabilities to violence and to ensure that sector actors also do not become the perpetrators of, or face violence.
Date: 30 April 2015

Key resource: Frontiers of CLTS Issue 3: Disability- making CLTS fully inclusive

This issue of Frontiers of CLTS focuses on people with disabilities and particular needs for access to sanitation. People affected tend not to be present at triggering, to lack voice in the community, to have their needs overlooked, and may even be hidden by their families. This issue outlines the reality of the experiences of disabled people, the varied nature of their needs and how they can be met. It includes practical recommendations for people engaged in CLTS to make the different phases and processes of CLTS more inclusive.
Date: 25 July 2014

Key resource: Frontiers of CLTS Issue 2: How to Trigger for Handwashing with Soap

Triggering for handwashing cover

Handwashing is a vital part of good sanitation and hygiene. When Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and its aim of ODF (open defecation free) communities are fully understood and put into practice it is clear that handwashing is implicit in the approach. Without addressing handwashing and other hygiene practices, communities can never become fully ODF since CLTS aims to cut all faecal-oral contamination routes. However, in practice, the degree to which handwashing is integrated into triggering and follow up, depends on the quality of facilitation.

Date: 20 January 2014
Country: 

Key resource: Frontiers of CLTS Issue 1: Participatory Design Development for Sanitation

Frontiers of CLTS Issue 1 cover

Sustainability of latrines is a key issue in CLTS. Sandy or rocky soils, seasonal flooding and termites can present challenges to communities who have taken sanitation into their own hands as a result of CLTS and are building latrines. The CLTS Handbook identifies the need for participatory design approaches during follow-up sessions with triggered communities. Sanitation marketing programmes have also applied participatory design through engaging users and sanitation suppliers to create innovative sanitation technologies.

Date: 18 November 2013
Country: 

Key resource: CLTS Campaigns: a checklist of 88 practical actions

Children in Ethiopia sing an anti open defecation song
Drawing on experiences with campaigns in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Sierra Leone and other countries, this note by Robert Chambers lists approaches and actions which have contributed to success and other practical ideas. The core of CLTS is triggering, post-triggering follow-up, verification, and post ODF sustainability and progress. Campaigns include all these together with much more. It is mainly the ‘much more’ that is summarised here.
Date: 29 August 2013

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