The Open Defecation Free (ODF) Malawi 2015 Strategy and National Hand Washing Campaign have been contributing to an increased focus on hand washing with soap (HWWS) in Malawi. Some studies estimate that washing hands with soap can reduce diarrhoeal disease rates by up to 50% and respiratory disease rates by up to 25%. Since Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is the key intervention for sanitation and hygiene promotion in Malawi, it provides an excellent opportunity to facilitate hand washing behaviour change.
Handbooks and manuals
This basic ‘how-to’ guide aims to help frontline staff and field facilitators to understand the philosophy and principles of CLTS, and to use some of the practical tools and techniques flexibly and freely. "
Kamal Kar (2005). IDS
The District Manual for Managing CLTS in Small Towns is a guide for district managers and other stakeholders in planning and developing CLTS programs in small towns.
It was developed by the Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA) the Environmental Health and Sanitation Division of the Ministry of Health and the Norther Region Small Towns Water and Sanitation Project (NORST). the NORST project is funded by the Canadian International Development Agency.
The Facilitator’s Manual for Small Towns CLTS Field Work is a guide for field workers who are promoting sanitation improvements at community and household levels, using the CLTS approach applied to the small towns context.
The manual is based on information drawn from:
a) Final Report – “Community Led Total Sanitation in Small Towns: A Pilot Project in the Northern Region of Ghana” (Cowater International)
Reaching each and every village in Malawi with a CLTS triggering, and sufficient follow-up support cis could take many years, and a lot of resources. So, the ODF Malawi by 2015 National Strategy has suggested some additional ways to promote the concept of “ODF”. What if religious leaders (pastors, church elders, priests, imams, etc.) traditional leaders (village heads, group village heads, traditional authori-ties and chiefs) or other local leaders (VDCs, ADCs, SMCs, etc.) could be effectively encouraged to promote ODF?
Guidelines for how to promote School-led Total Sanitation and thereby accelerate the achievement of the Malawi ODF strategy.
In order to support the scaling up of national sanitation and hygiene activities, Zambia's Ministry of Local Government and Housing (MLGH) has issued national guidelines for verification and cerification of ODF communities.
Read the MLGH's letter to the districts regarding these guidelines