Au Mali, la défécation à l’air libre est pratiquée par 19% de la population en milieu rural (JMP, Rapport 2013). De plus, seulement 14% de la population rurale ont accès à un assainissement amélioré et 53% de cette même population rurale ont accès à une source d’eau améliorée (JMP 2013). Avec ces couvertures et vu la croissance démographique, le Mali ne pourra pas atteindre les cibles des OMD en ce qui concerne le WASH.
Embedded in the Philippines National Sanitation Roadmap, PhATS (Philippines Approach to Total Sanitation) was developed in a comprehensive governmental consultation process led by the WASH cluster following the devastating impact of Typhoon Yolanda/Hayan affecting hundreds of thousands of people in 2013. It provides a holistic systemic planning and implementation framework not only focusing on basic sanitation with an incremental phased Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) component reaching out to about a million affected people.
The second issue of the PhATS Newsletter looks at participatory demand creation, elaborates on models of success for ‘zod’ (zero open defecation), highlights the role of community campaigns around events such as Global Handwashing Day and World Toilet Day, shares experiences with women’s involvement in improving village sanitation and further maps ‘zod’ progress in the Philippines.
The supply component of the Philippines Approach to Total Sanitation (PhATS) aims to strengthen local supply chains for sanitation and hygiene goods and services and encourage Sanitation Marketing (SanMark). Through SanMark, suppliers and service providers market their goods and services to rural households, with the aim of increasing demand, improving
supply and achieving greater sales and profits.
Across Typhoon Yolanda-affected areas, the Philippines Department of Health (DoH) and Department of Education (DepEd), The League of Mayors and 46 LGUs are working in tandem with UNICEF and its 12 implementing NGO (Non-Governmental Organization) Partners to improve access to and use of sustainable sanitation through a strategy called the Philippines Approach To Total Sanitation (PhATS).
This PhATS (Philippines Approaches to Total Sanitation) Field Note shares the experience of incoporating Human Centred Design into the Sanitation Marketing component of the PhATS programme. The approach focuses on the users’ needs rather than the product/service alone and enables both the target market and the entrepreneurs to actively feed into the design process loop.
Toilets and related sanitation systems can prevent the spread of diarrhoeal diseases and faecally-transmitted infections threatening young children’s lives. Bangladesh increased sanitation coverage remarkably rapidly due to several factors, including a vigorous national campaign from 2003 to 2006. Now in its ‘second generation’ of sanitation development, Bangladesh faces new challenges.
Plan International supports Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) implementation in a number of districts in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR). In this learning brief, we review Plan International Laos’ CLTS activities. We found that they have formed a strong working relationship with the national government and directly involved district government and community leaders in CLTS implementation.