Country papers

The Swachh marathon

The momentum and scale of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G) is unprecedented. Since the launch of the programme by the prime minister in October 2014, there has been an astonishing acceleration in the construction of toilets, with five crore built in three years. The scale and complexity facing the SBM-G make it, we believe, more challenging than any other rural development programme in the world. Driven forward with impressive leadership and dynamism, shortcomings are inevitable and rapid learning and adjustments vital and imperative for sustainable success.

WSSCC/AMREF K-SHIP sanitation marketing project in Samia, Busia

Busia County is the only County in Kenya which is Open Defecation Free, having attained this status in 2015. Their journey to Open Defecation Free started with Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in July 2010. During CLTS triggering, the community together Public Health Officers, Community Health Volunteers (CHVs), Community Health Extension Workers (CHEWs) and Natural Leaders addressed the importance of building a latrine. All efforts were then directed to ensure that people build and used toilets.

Date: 20 October 2017
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Why doesn’t anybody know if Swachh Bharat Mission is succeeding?

In 2014, the Prime Minister announced a goal of eliminating open defecation by 2019. In this article, Coffey and Spears, contend that now almost two-thirds of the way through the Swachh Bharat Mission, nobody knows whether it is succeeding because there is no credible, independent survey that can offer a useful estimate of the fraction of rural persons defecating in the open.

Read more in Ideas for India, 10 July 2017

In Mali, Communities Take Health and Well-Being into their Own Hands

In the center of Simaye village in Mali’s Mopti Region, men, women, and children gather under a large tree to listen. Two USAID-trained facilitators discuss the health challenges facing the village. Only three latrines serve many families, so more than half of the people are practicing open defecation; the water point no longer functions, so most families are pulling dirty water from the river; many of the infants and young children are not benefitting from exclusive breastfeeding or a diversified diet, so they are malnourished.

National ODF Kenya 2020 Campaign Framework/Roadmap

The National ODF Kenya 2020 Campaign Framework takes into account the reality that sanitation is a devolved function in the new Constitution, therefore at County and local levels, the Campaign will entail mapping and securing commitment from partners and supporting them in developing work-plans and securing resources for attaining ODF Kenya by 2020. The Campaign Framework emphasizes the importance of working with the private sector to respond to the demand created through the Campaign.

Date: 26 June 2017
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Stratégie post-certification de l'ATPC au Mali

La stratégie nationale post-certification de l’ATPC au Mali constitue le document d’orientation et de référence de tous les acteurs intervenant dans l’accompagnement post-certification de l’ATPC au Mali. Elle présente les axes stratégiques ainsi que plusieurs leviers à actionner lors de la phase post-certification afin de contribuer au maintien durable des bonnes pratiques sanitaires et de la dynamique communautaire acquises par les populations bénéficiaires.

Date: 26 June 2017
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Lessons Learned: Hybrid CLTS Approach to Improving Sanitation

USAID’s Ghana Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (GWASH) Project aimed to improve rural sanitation access through the provision of household latrines to households in targeted communities. In the beginning of the project, GWASH used a “high-subsidy” approach for household latrine provision, providing households with a 60 percent subsidy per latrine. It was in this vein that GWASH aimed to meet its project target of constructing 4,680 household latrines over the course of a four-year period.

Date: 6 April 2017
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Assessment of the operational status of the Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan 2011

This paper assesses the operational status of Nepal’s Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan 2011 in which the Government set the target of an ODF Nepal by 2017. The WASH sector policies, Master Plan, studies, field level activities and opinion of sector experts and stakeholders were reviewed for this assessment.

Date: 29 March 2017
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