Country papers

Sanitation in Small Towns: Experience from Mozambique

WASH services in small towns are frequently neglected by all branches of government due to lack of capacity, unclear mandates, low budgets and lack of feasible options to provide services. Typical high-tech infrastructure solutions are neither feasible nor affordable for these contexts. Progress towards MDG- and sanitation-specific targets in sub-Saharan Africa is much higher in urban areas. However such achievements often mask a disparity between the rich and poor in urban contexts and between major urban cities and small towns or rural centres.

Date: 20 July 2015
Country: 

Micro-Planning for CLTS: Experience from Kenya

Micro-planning is a tool often used in the context of decentralisation to guide decisions and to monitor the achievement of objectives. The Ministry of Health adapted and tested the micro-planning tool in two counties, with technical assistance from UNICEF, and later scaled it up to the entire country covering all of 47 counties. This Field Note presents the steps in micro-planning and discusses the challenges and successes of the process.
Date: 20 July 2015
Country: 

Real-Time Monitoring of Rural Sanitation at Scale in Zambia Using Mobile-to-Web Technologies

While there is great enthusiasm for using digitalized methods for monitoring rural sanitation interventions, the process is still in its pilot phase in many countries and there exists relatively little evidence to inform national scale-up. To address this gap in information, this note reports an efficient and effective sector-wide monitoring framework that is working at scale.
Date: 20 July 2015
Country: 

Going Beyond ODF: Combining Sanitation Marketing with Participatory Approaches to Sustain ODF Communities in Malawi

The majority of households in rural Malawi construct traditional latrines with a lifespan of less than 12 months. The short lifespan of traditional latrines calls into question the sustainability of ODF status in rural villages. The typical range of sanitation products tends to be extremely limited and options are often prohibitively expensive for rural householders. High costs were commonly associated with cement prices in Malawi - USD12 per 50kg. This Field Note records the experiences to date of developing a national sanitation marketing

Date: 20 July 2015
Country: 

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