WASH services in small towns are frequently neglected by all branches of government due to lack of capacity, unclear mandates, low budgets and lack of feasible options to provide services. Typical high-tech infrastructure solutions are neither feasible nor affordable for these contexts. Progress towards MDG- and sanitation-specific targets in sub-Saharan Africa is much higher in urban areas. However such achievements often mask a disparity between the rich and poor in urban contexts and between major urban cities and small towns or rural centres.
The majority of households in rural Malawi construct traditional latrines with a lifespan of less than 12 months. The short lifespan of traditional latrines calls into question the sustainability of ODF status in rural villages. The typical range of sanitation products tends to be extremely limited and options are often prohibitively expensive for rural householders. High costs were commonly associated with cement prices in Malawi - USD12 per 50kg. This Field Note records the experiences to date of developing a national sanitation marketing
In September 2014, two CLTS trainings took place in Torit County and Kapoeta North County in South Sudan. The following report by Ross Kidd gives details of the training processes as well as many anectdotes, stories and examples to illustrate the way in which communities in this post-conflict setting responded to CLTS.