Country papers

Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin Budget Brief

Using government data, this brief reports on trends for SBM-Gramin along the following parameters:
• Allocations and expenditures
• Physical progress of toilets built
• Expenditures incurred under Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities

In addition, this brief reports findings from a fund tracking survey (PAISA) conducted in December 2015. The survey covered close to 7,500 Households, spread across 10 districts in 5 states in India.

Date: 6 December 2016

Can collective action strategies motivate behavior change to reduce open defecation in rural India?

The world’s remaining open defecation is increasingly concentrated in rural India. The Indian government’s efforts to reduce open defecation by providing subsidies for latrine construction have been largely unsuccessful in addressing the problem. It is now clear that behavior change must be the priority if progress on ending open defecation is to be made. While community-led strategies have proven effective in various developing country contexts, there are serious reasons to question whether similar methods can work in rural India.
Date: 24 October 2016

SAREP Botswana CLTS Summary Report

USAID's SAREP (Southern Africa Regional Environment Programme) has been operating a Community Led Total Sanitation Program in Botswana since 2012, having started in Shakawe with a CLTS Facilitator training for members of the community.

This document gives  a summary of activities, outcomes and learning as well as recommendations for the way forward.

Date: 23 September 2016

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: Nine years of scale and innovation in Bangladesh

Between 2006 and 2015, the BRAC WASH programme in Bangladesh has helped over 39 million people gain access to hygienic latrines and 2.3 million people gain access to safe water across 250 sub-districts. It has helped to bring about a social transformation in areas where it works, with significant progress on rural sanitation particularly for the poorest families. Success has been achieved over a nine year period not only in the provision of hygienic household latrines, but in their use by all members of the family, and to a lesser extent in good hygiene practices such as handwashing.

Date: 5 September 2016

Protocole pour l'evaluation et la certification de la fin de defecation a l'air libre (Mali)

Au Mali, la défécation à l’air libre est pratiquée par 19% de la population en milieu rural (JMP, Rapport 2013). De plus, seulement 14% de la population rurale ont accès à un assainissement amélioré et 53% de cette même population rurale ont accès à une source d’eau améliorée (JMP 2013). Avec ces couvertures et vu la croissance démographique, le Mali ne pourra pas atteindre les cibles des OMD en ce qui concerne le WASH.

Date: 18 August 2016

WASH Pathway of Change after Yolanda - One Year On

Embedded in the Philippines National Sanitation Roadmap, PhATS (Philippines Approach to Total Sanitation) was developed in a comprehensive governmental consultation process led by the WASH cluster following the devastating impact of Typhoon Yolanda/Hayan affecting hundreds of thousands of people in 2013. It provides a holistic systemic planning and implementation framework not only focusing on basic sanitation with an incremental phased Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) component reaching out to about a million affected people.

Date: 11 August 2016

PhATS Newsletter 1: April 2015

This first issue of the PhATS newsletter explains what PhATS is, discusses good governance as part of the enabling environment for sanitation efforts, outlines the phased approach adopted by PhATS, shares the experience of religious leaders working together around WASH disaster risk reduction and maps out the progress with ‘zero open defecation’ (the equivalent of ODF) so far.
Date: 11 August 2016

PhATS Newsletter 2: May 2015

The second issue of the PhATS Newsletter looks at participatory demand creation, elaborates on models of success for ‘zod’ (zero open defecation), highlights the role of community campaigns around events such as Global Handwashing Day and World Toilet Day, shares experiences with women’s involvement in improving village sanitation and further maps ‘zod’ progress in the Philippines.
Date: 11 August 2016


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