Case studies

Understanding Determinants of Access to Hygienic Latrines for Rural Households in Vietnam

During 2014 and 2015, three research studies were carried out to examine the drivers and barriers to latrine adoption and the availability of desirable, affordable latrines in rural areas of Vietnam. The findings were used to develop integrated behavior change communication (BCC) and sanitation supply chain strengthening programs in Hoa Binh Province and the Mekong Delta region.

This WSP Learning Note shares insights and lessons.

Date: 20 October 2016
Country: 

Sustainability of ODF Practices in Kenya

Since the launch of the ODF campaign in 2011 UNICEF has supported the Ministry of Health to scale up sanitation activities with CLTS as its core strategy. The Department of  Environmental Health (DEHS) within the ministry has demonstrated strong leadership and is a clear champion for sanitation and hygiene. Sanitation services have been devolved to the county government under the new constitution (2010) and CLTS implementation is now being led by the County Health Teams.

Date: 2 August 2016
Country: 

Using Social Norms Theory to Strengthen CLTS in Southern Madagascar

This Field Note focuses on the southern region of Madagascar and documents how the region is transitioning from a 100% open defecation to a 100% ODF (Open Defecation Free) region. The southern region is one of the poorest regions in the country and characterized by restrictive, traditional beliefs as well as a rigid hierarchy of power and influence, which contribute towards the failure of development projects in this region.

Date: 2 August 2016
Country: 

Mobile Phone-Based Hygiene and Sanitation Promotion in Somalia

Somalia continues to experience one of the most complex humanitarian crises in the world and is one of the most restrictive and insecure environments for humanitarian actors. There is little evidence to show that approaches conventionally used in humanitarian settings, focused on the delivery of hygiene items and mass communication of messages, have resulted in consistent behaviour change.

Date: 2 August 2016
Country: 

First Steps Towards Sanitation Marketing in Ethiopia Using a Human Centred Design Approach

Although CLTSH has had tremendous success since its initial start, only 24% of the population currently has an improved toilet. Traditional unimproved pit latrines made from locally available and affordable materials are low cost and easy to construct, but are not considered hygienic or sustainable as people stop using dirty and smelly toilets or go back to open defecation after their latrines collapse. There is a need and increasing aspiration for an improved latrine based on the recognized benefits: improved toilets are safer (i.e.

Date: 2 August 2016
Country: 

Shocking imagery and cultural sensitivity: a CLTS case study from Madagascar

Approaches addressing widespread open defecation practices in southeast Madagascar must navigate strongly held cultural values, traditions and taboos. In the urban commune of Fort Dauphin, this has resulted in SEED Madagascar’s adoption of a ‘hybrid’ approach to CLTS through Project Malio, a three-year urban sanitation project which seeks to instigate behaviour change by increasing access to improved sanitation in households and schools.

Date: 20 July 2016
Country: 

Plan Netherlands’ experience of using a CLTS approach in urban environments

Plan International’s eight country Pan Africa programme, though predominately focused on rural CLTS, also trialled CLTS tools in peri-urban and urban communities with the hope that country specific urban total sanitation models would be developed. Jamie Myers, Research Officer for the CLTS Knowledge Hub which was a partner in the Pan African CLTS programme, conducted rapid action orientated research on the peri-urban and urban activities across four countries – Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia.

Date: 20 July 2016

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