East and Southern Africa

Key resource: Sanitation and Hygiene in Africa: Where do We Stand? Analysis from the AfricaSan Conference, Kigali, Rwanda

Sanitation and Hygiene in Africa: Where do We Stand? (IWA Publishing 2013, eds Piers Cross and Yolande Coombes) takes stock of progress made by African countries through the AfricaSan process since 2008 and the progress needed to meet the MDG on sanitation by 2015 and beyond. This book addresses priorities which have been identified by African countries as the key elements which need to be addressed in order to accelerate progress.

Date: 21 October 2013

Menstrual Cups and Reusable Pads Are Literally Changing Lives Uganda’s Refugee Camps

Menstrual hygiene management is a challenge for many women across Africa. Sanitary pads are expensive, meaning many women use rags or even leaves to protect their underwear, putting them at greater risk of infection. A lack of sanitation at schools leads to many girls staying home during their periods or dropping out altogether when they start menstruating.

According to one 2016 study, over 90 percent of Ugandan primary schoolgirls struggle with maintaining their menstrual hygiene.

Menstrual health and school absenteeism among adolescent girls in Uganda (MENISCUS): a feasibility study

Management of menstruation can present substantial challenges to girls in low-income settings. In preparation for a menstrual hygiene intervention to reduce school absenteeism in Uganda, this study aimed to investigate menstruation management practices, barriers and facilitators, and the influence of menstruation on school absenteeism among secondary school students in a peri-urban district of Uganda.

Date: 10 January 2018
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WSSCC/AMREF K-SHIP sanitation marketing project in Samia, Busia

Busia County is the only County in Kenya which is Open Defecation Free, having attained this status in 2015. Their journey to Open Defecation Free started with Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in July 2010. During CLTS triggering, the community together Public Health Officers, Community Health Volunteers (CHVs), Community Health Extension Workers (CHEWs) and Natural Leaders addressed the importance of building a latrine. All efforts were then directed to ensure that people build and used toilets.

Date: 20 October 2017
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Associations between Household Latrines and the Prevalence of Diarrhea in Idiofa, Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Cross-Sectional Study

Despite the importance of sanitation, few studies have assessed the effects of latrines on the health outcomes of children under 5 years of age. This study assessed the relations between latrine coverage and the prevalence of diarrhea in children under 4 years of age. It analyzed the baseline data obtained as part of a longitudinal survey targeting 720 households in Idiofa, Bandundu, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date: 13 July 2017

Kenya is promising free sanitary napkins to help keep girls in school

Kenya’s president has promised to give all school girls free sanitary napkins. Less than two months before Kenyans go to the polls, president Uhuru Kenyatta signed the Basic Education Amendment Act which compels the government to provide “free, sufficient and quality sanitary towels to every girl child registered and enrolled in a public basic education institution.”

Read more in Quartz Africa, 23rd June 2017

National ODF Kenya 2020 Campaign Framework/Roadmap

The National ODF Kenya 2020 Campaign Framework takes into account the reality that sanitation is a devolved function in the new Constitution, therefore at County and local levels, the Campaign will entail mapping and securing commitment from partners and supporting them in developing work-plans and securing resources for attaining ODF Kenya by 2020. The Campaign Framework emphasizes the importance of working with the private sector to respond to the demand created through the Campaign.

Date: 26 June 2017
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Local governance and sanitation: Eight lessons from Uganda

Many non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations, as well as bilateral and multilateral donors, recognize the importance of closely working with governments in sanitation and hygiene programmes. Collective behaviour change approaches, such as Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), are also increasingly being embraced by governments as an alternative to traditional subsidy and enforcement-based approaches.

Date: 4 April 2017
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Gouvernance locale et assainissement (Ouganda)

De nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales et intergouvernementales, ainsi que des donateurs bilatéraux et multilatéraux, reconnaissent l’importance de travailler en étroite collaboration avec les gouvernements dans le cadre des programmes d’assainissement et d’hygiène. Des approches collectives en matière de changement de comportement, telles que l’ATPC, sont de plus en plus adoptées par les gouvernements comme une alternative aux démarches traditionnelles axées sur les subventions et la répression.

Date: 4 April 2017
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Kenya creates online system to monitor rural sanitation

Kenya has launched an online monitoring, evaluation and reporting system to improve capturing of data on sanitation and hygiene status. The online portal could help coordinate monitoring of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), and enable public health officials in rural areas facilitate rapid acceleration of the Open Defecation Free (ODF) campaign, experts say.

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