CLTS Blog posts
Three months ago, a paper dealing with the causes of the failure of the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in India and written by Brian Bell and myself, was published in the journal Water Policy.
This year’s Pan Africa annual review meeting has been yet another fascinating experience, bringing a rich set of African voices to share experiences, discuss challenges and develop action plans to achieve set objectives for the Plan Africa CLTS programme and combat Open Defecation in Africa.
This week Plan International WASH Advisors, IDS, IRC, Plan Netherlands,Plan UK and Plan USA have converged in Lusaka to deliberate on shit. It has been interesting to see how different countries have progressed over the four years of implementing CLTS. The experiences from the participants reveal that gender is critical in CLTS because we need to engage women, men and children to make decisions on sanitation as well as address their specific needs.
India is the country with the biggest open defecation problem in the world. In India, open defecation is practiced by more than half of households and by about 67% percent of rural households. In fact, 60 percent of people anywhere who defecate in the open live in India. This widespread lack of sanitation, combined with India’s high population density, poses important health threats for children.
Today, the 5th day of March 2014 has been yet another exciting day at the 2014 Pan-African CLTS Annual Review meeting hosted by Plan Zambia, in Lusaka. We had a field visit to Chibombo district’s Keembe Constituency falling under Chief Liteta’s chiefdom in Mashikili ward.
I am in Lusaka Zambia participating in the Pan African Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) annual Network meeting. The first day was really exciting for me… first because I got to meet enthusiastic CLTS champions from East and West Africa and secondly, this year’s meeting is UNIQUE because we have participation of the Zambian government staff, partners, and a traditional leader (Chief) from one of the communities where Plan Zambia is implementing CLTS!
Sanitation is probably one of the sectors with the highest levels of overreporting. It is clearly the case of India, where 4/5 of the toilets reported during the Total Sanitation Campaign were found ‘missing’ in the 2011 Census. The monitoring system, intended to measure the sanitation coverage increase, was found to actually reflect funds disbursement.
In August 2011 Petra Bongartz who manages the CLTS Knowledge Hub at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex UK and I were invited by the Community Water Supply and Sanitation Unit, Cape Peninsula University of Technology to introduce CLTS in South Africa. The work, supported by the Water Research Commission aimed at piloting CLTS in the Eastern Cape region of South Africa. Even though it
Today over 100 practitioners in the water and sanitation sector participated in a seminar dubbed, “unclogging blockages in sanitation” in Kampala Serena Hotel. The three days’ meeting was officially opened by the Minister of Health, Hon Ruhankana Rugunda, who stressed the pivotal role of communities in taking lead to improve their sanitation status.
While the world’s attention is on Sochi’s shared toilets, there are still 2.6 billion people worldwide without access to improved sanitation facilities. With a globally growing urban population, shared sanitation seems to be a pragmatic way of increasing coverage except for the fact that the JMP (Joint Monitoring Programme) does not consider such facilities as “improved”.